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睡眠时间影响你的腰围大小
添加时间:2017-08-29 19:18:52 浏览次数: 作者:未知
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  • You can put gaining extra inches on your waistline to the list of health issues related to a lack of shut-eye – a list that already includes faster cell ageing, neuron damage, and reduced memory capability1.

    睡眠不足会带来一系列的健康问题,其中包括细胞迅速衰老、神经元损伤以及记忆力减退,还会导致你的腰围增加。

    That's the conclusion of new research that found adults sleeping for six hours a night had average waist measurements 3 centimetres (1.2 inches) larger than those sleeping for nine hours a night.

    一项新研究发现,每晚睡6小时的成年人的腰围平均比每晚睡9小时的成年人的要粗3厘米(1.2英寸)。

    "Our findings support the accumulating evidence showing an important contribution of short sleep to metabolic2 diseases such as obesity3," report the researchers.

    研究人员表示,“越来越多的证据表明,睡眠不足会引起新陈代谢疾病,例如肥胖,我们的研究成果支持了这一观点。”

    The data also showed a link between shorter sleep times and reduced levels of HDL cholesterol4, the 'good' type of cholesterol responsible for removing harmful cholesterol from the bloodstream and reducing the risk of heart disease.

    数据还表明,睡眠不足与高密度脂蛋白水平低下有关,这种“有益的”胆固醇负责清除血液中有害的胆固醇并降低患心脏病的风险。

    Overall it's more evidence for the positive benefits of banking5 seven, eight, or nine hours sleep instead of six a night – the researchers suggest the perfect amount is somewhere inside that range, depending on the person.

    总的来说,每晚睡7,8或9个小时要比睡6个小时有益。研究人员建议,根据每个人的情况,每晚睡7~9个小时最合适。

    The researchers also say their findings could provide new insight into the relationship between sleep and metabolic diseases like diabetes6, which now affects more than 422 million people worldwide, according to the World Health Organisation7.

    研究人员还表示,他们的发现使人们对睡眠与糖尿病等新陈代谢类疾病之间的关系有了新的见解。据世界卫生组织报道,如今逾4.22亿人正受到糖尿病的困扰。

    The hope is if we understand more about the causes of obesity – such as reduced amounts of sleep– then we're better able to tackle it and the related health issues.

    如果我们更了解肥胖的起因,例如睡眠不足,我们就有望更好地解决肥胖和相关的健康问题。

    "Understanding why people gain weight has crucial implications for public health," the researcher said.

    “明白人们为什么会长胖对改善公众健康有重要作用。”研究人员说道。

     10级    英语科普 


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    1 capability [ˌkeɪpəˈbɪləti] JsGzZ   第7级
    n.能力;才能;(pl)可发展的能力或特性等
    参考例句:
    • She has the capability to become a very fine actress. 她有潜力成为杰出演员。
    • Organizing a whole department is beyond his capability. 组织整个部门是他能力以外的事。
    2 metabolic [ˌmetə'bɒlɪk] 2R4z1   第11级
    adj.新陈代谢的
    参考例句:
    • Impressive metabolic alternations have been undergone during embryogenesis. 在胚胎发生期间经历了深刻的代谢变化。
    • A number of intoxicants are associated with metabolic acidosis. 许多毒性物质可引起代谢性酸中毒。
    3 obesity [əʊ'bi:sətɪ] Dv1ya   第8级
    n.肥胖,肥大
    参考例句:
    • One effect of overeating may be obesity. 吃得过多能导致肥胖。
    • Sugar and fat can more easily lead to obesity than some other foods. 糖和脂肪比其他食物更容易导致肥胖。
    4 cholesterol [kəˈlestərɒl] qrzzV   第8级
    n.(U)胆固醇
    参考例句:
    • There is cholesterol in the cell of body. 人体细胞里有胆固醇。
    • They are determining the serum-protein and cholesterol levels. 他们正在测定血清蛋白和胆固醇的浓度。
    5 banking [ˈbæŋkɪŋ] aySz20   第8级
    n.银行业,银行学,金融业
    参考例句:
    • John is launching his son on a career in banking. 约翰打算让儿子在银行界谋一个新职位。
    • He possesses an extensive knowledge of banking. 他具有广博的银行业务知识。
    6 diabetes [ˌdaɪəˈbi:ti:z] uPnzu   第9级
    n.糖尿病
    参考例句:
    • In case of diabetes, physicians advise against the use of sugar. 对于糖尿病患者,医生告诫他们不要吃糖。
    • Diabetes is caused by a fault in the insulin production of the body. 糖尿病是由体內胰岛素分泌失调引起的。
    7 organisation [ˌɔ:gənaɪ'zeɪʃən] organisation   第8级
    n.组织,安排,团体,有机休
    参考例句:
    • The method of his organisation work is worth commending. 他的组织工作的方法值得称道。
    • His application for membership of the organisation was rejected. 他想要加入该组织的申请遭到了拒绝。

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