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睡眠不足能够对抗抑郁症
添加时间:2017-10-04 18:16:35 浏览次数: 作者:未知
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  • For those who suffer from clinical depression, there could be an unexpected source of solace1.

    那些患有抑郁症的人,可能马上能得到一份意料之外的慰藉。

    While long-term sleep deprivation2 and chronic3 insomnia4 can harm your mental and emotional health, in the short term, evidence suggests, going without sleep can help.

    虽然长期的睡眠不足和失眠可以损害你的精神健康和情绪健康,但短期而言,有证据显示:缺觉是有好处的。

    Previous studies since the 1970s have noted5 a correlation6 between reduced REM sleep and improved depression symptoms.

    1970年代的研究就显示,减少快速眼动睡眠的时间,能够缓解抑郁症的症状。

    A 2002 study found that one whole night of sleep deprivation resulted in an improvement in 40-60 percent of patients, as did another one in 2010.

    2002年的一项研究显示,一整晚不睡觉,可以缓解40%-60%的病人的症状;2010年的一项研究也得出了同样的结果。

    A 2013 study attempted to find the mechanism7, linking the effect to a type of brain cell that releases a protein important for sleep.

    2013年有一项研究企图弄明白这个机制,他们发现这和大脑中的一种特定细胞有关,这种细胞能分泌一种对睡眠特别重要的蛋白质。

    Now a meta-analysis of 66 independent studies conducted between 1974 and 2016 has found that sleep deprivation rapidly reduces the symptoms of depression in roughly half of patients, at least when conducted in controlled inpatient settings.

    而现在,一项大数据研究对1974年到2016年间的66项独立研究进行了分析,发现对于大约一半的病人来说,睡眠不足能够快速缓解抑郁症;至少在实验环境下是这么回事。

    There were also different types of sleep deprivation represented, including total and partial, as well as short term and longer term.

    研究中的睡眠剥夺有很多种,包括完全睡眠剥夺和部分睡眠剥夺,以及短期睡眠剥夺和长期睡眠剥夺。

    The team found that partial sleep deprivation, in which the patient was only allowed to sleep for 3-4 hours for one night followed by forced wakefulness for 20-21 hours, was just as effective at reducing depression symptoms as total sleep deprivation for 36 hours.

    研究人员发现,在缓解抑郁症的效果上,部分睡眠剥夺和完全睡眠剥夺一样有效;在部分睡眠剥夺中,病人只被允许睡3到4个小时,然后会被强制保持清醒20到21个小时,而完全睡眠剥夺则让病人连续清醒36个小时。

    But, hat there's a correlation between sleep deprivation and an improvement in symptoms doesn't mean that it can replace other treatments, though.

    但是,虽然睡眠不足能缓解抑郁症的症状,但这并不意味着病人就不需要其他的治疗。

    Several studies have found that the effect only lasts as long as the patient stays awake following the sleep deprivation for up to 80 percent or more of respondents.

    好几个研究都发现,对于80%或更多的受试者来说,这个效果只在睡眠不足之后的那段时间有效。

    Moreover, the researchers still don't know why sleep deprivation seems to result in a rapid and significant decrease in depression symptoms.

    另外,研究者们依旧不知道为什么睡眠不足能够这么快速有效地改善抑郁症。

    The research has been published in The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry8.

    这项研究是被刊登在《临床精神病学期刊》上的。

     10级    英语科普 


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    1 solace [ˈsɒləs] uFFzc   第9级
    n.安慰;vt.使快乐;安慰(物),缓和
    参考例句:
    • They sought solace in religion from the harshness of their everyday lives. 他们日常生活很艰难,就在宗教中寻求安慰。
    • His acting career took a nosedive and he turned to drink for solace. 演艺事业突然一落千丈,他便借酒浇愁。
    2 deprivation [ˌdeprɪˈveɪʃn] e9Uy7   第9级
    n.匮乏;丧失;夺去,贫困
    参考例句:
    • Many studies make it clear that sleep deprivation is dangerous. 许多实验都证实了睡眠被剥夺是危险的。
    • Missing the holiday was a great deprivation. 错过假日是极大的损失。
    3 chronic [ˈkrɒnɪk] BO9zl   第7级
    adj.(疾病)长期未愈的,慢性的;极坏的
    参考例句:
    • Famine differs from chronic malnutrition. 饥荒不同于慢性营养不良。
    • Chronic poisoning may lead to death from inanition. 慢性中毒也可能由虚弱导致死亡。
    4 insomnia [ɪnˈsɒmniə] EbFzK   第7级
    n.失眠,失眠症
    参考例句:
    • Worries and tenseness can lead to insomnia. 忧虑和紧张会导致失眠。
    • He is suffering from insomnia. 他患失眠症。
    5 noted [ˈnəʊtɪd] 5n4zXc   第8级
    adj.著名的,知名的
    参考例句:
    • The local hotel is noted for its good table. 当地的那家酒店以餐食精美而著称。
    • Jim is noted for arriving late for work. 吉姆上班迟到出了名。
    6 correlation [ˌkɒrəˈleɪʃn] Rogzg   第10级
    n.相互关系,相关,关连
    参考例句:
    • The second group of measurements had a high correlation with the first. 第二组测量数据与第一组高度相关。
    • A high correlation exists in America between education and economic position. 教育和经济地位在美国有极密切的关系。
    7 mechanism [ˈmekənɪzəm] zCWxr   第7级
    n.机械装置;机构,结构
    参考例句:
    • The bones and muscles are parts of the mechanism of the body. 骨骼和肌肉是人体的组成部件。
    • The mechanism of the machine is very complicated. 这台机器的结构是非常复杂的。
    8 psychiatry [saɪˈkaɪətri] g0Jze   第7级
    n.精神病学,精神病疗法
    参考例句:
    • The study appeared in the Amercian science Journal of Psychiatry. 这个研究发表在美国精神病学的杂志上。
    • A physician is someone who specializes in psychiatry. 精神病专家是专门从事精神病治疗的人。

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