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添加时间:2017-12-07 18:28:14 浏览次数: 作者:未知
  • "Marrying-up" usually refers to marrying above your economic class, often improving one's social mobility1 in the process. And while of course men have also married up, it's been historically more common for women to do so.


    More men are marrying up today in part because there are more highly educated women now than there were a few decades ago, according to the study findings.


    As a result, "women are more likely to get married to a less-educated man," ChangHwan Kim, PhD, the study's lead author and an associate professor of sociology at the University of Kansas, said in the press release.


    To come to this conclusion, Kim and his study co-author Arthur Sakamoto, PhD, a professor of sociology at Texas A&M University, looked at gender-specific changes in income and marriage from hundreds of thousands of 35 to 44-year-olds using data from the U.S. Census2 from 1990 to 2000 and the American Community Survey from 2009 to 2011.


    To measure "gender-specific changes," the researchers looked at how much return people got on their education in terms of their family's income.


    "Previously3, women received more total financial return to education than men, because their return in the marriage market was high," Kim said in the press release. "But because of gains in education and employment opportunities, that advantage has deteriorated4 over time," he added.


    During the time period the researchers studied, they found that while women saw greater growth in their personal earnings5 compared to men, their "net advantage of being female in terms of family-standard-of-living decreased approximately 13 percent."


    I asked Kim what a "net advantage of being female" meant over email and he clarified that "if a high-school educated woman marries a man with a BA degree, her equalized income (which gages the standard-of-living) can be higher than a high-school educated man who marries a woman with less than high school education."


    "Until the 1990s, women's standard-of-living after controlling for education was higher than men's, but that is no longer the case in 2009-2011."


    If you're not sure how to interpret the findings, you're not alone -- they're complicated. On the one hand, they paint a picture of an increasingly equitable6 education and employment landscape. Women bringing more to the family table, economically speaking, helps to shatter old school ideas about the "man of the house" being the "breadwinner" or "pants-wearer" of the family.


    But "in essence," as Kim told me via email, mens' "standard-of-living has improved substantially more than equally less-educated women thanks to their wives' higher salary than before."


    Kim added that "the marriage market is becoming increasingly important for men's economic well being." The upside is that can use this data to better understand how trends like "marrying up" will affect our culture.


     8级    英语新闻 


    1 mobility [məʊˈbɪləti] H6rzu   第8级
    • The difference in regional house prices acts as an obstacle to mobility of labour. 不同地区房价的差异阻碍了劳动力的流动。
    • Mobility is very important in guerrilla warfare. 机动性在游击战中至关重要。
    2 census [ˈsensəs] arnz5   第7级
    • A census of population is taken every ten years. 人口普查每10年进行一次。
    • The census is taken one time every four years in our country. 我国每四年一次人口普查。
    3 previously ['pri:vɪəslɪ] bkzzzC   第8级
    • The bicycle tyre blew out at a previously damaged point. 自行车胎在以前损坏过的地方又爆开了。
    • Let me digress for a moment and explain what had happened previously. 让我岔开一会儿,解释原先发生了什么。
    4 deteriorated [diˈtiəriəreitid] a4fe98b02a18d2ca4fe500863af93815   第7级
    恶化,变坏( deteriorate的过去式和过去分词 )
    • Her health deteriorated rapidly, and she died shortly afterwards. 她的健康状况急剧恶化,不久便去世了。
    • His condition steadily deteriorated. 他的病情恶化,日甚一日。
    5 earnings [ˈɜ:nɪŋz] rrWxJ   第7级
    • That old man lives on the earnings of his daughter. 那个老人靠他女儿的收入维持生活。
    • Last year there was a 20% decrease in his earnings. 去年他的收入减少了20%。
    6 equitable [ˈekwɪtəbl] JobxJ   第9级
    • This is an equitable solution to the dispute. 这是对该项争议的公正解决。
    • Paying a person what he has earned is equitable. 酬其应得,乃公平之事。

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