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国际学生人数下降 赴美留学热在降温吗?
添加时间:2018-07-10 16:58:26 浏览次数: 作者:未知
  • 凭借丰富的院校资源以及开放多元的学习环境等优势,美国曾连续多年稳居中国学生海外留学首选目的国“宝座”。但是,近日美国机构发布的数据显示,中国赴美留学人数增幅已经连续7年下降。实际上,美国高校的国际学生入学总人数也在下降。赴美留学热在降温吗?这背后究竟有何缘由?

    Competition for international college students is growing globally, and many US colleges want to bolster1 their numbers — to boost both diversity and their bottom line.


    But admissions staff have been hearing rumblings from students and parents abroad — some alarmed by news headlines about violence and bias2 incidents at US schools, others worried about real or potential visa restrictions3.


    Because of the political climate here, interest in coming to the US decreased for one-third of 2,104 prospective4 international students surveyed in February 2017.


    But that's not the only factor fueling a recent decline in new international enrollments. After at least 12 years of steady growth, those numbers actually dipped before the election of Mr. Trump6 — by about 10,000 students in the fall of 2016, a 3 percent decline from the previous year.


    Many American colleges have been working double time to allay7 worries — and to provide opportunities for international and domestic students to interact.


    Tufts set up a travel hotline for international students and scholars. The University of New Hampshire sent representatives to China and India to encourage students who had been admitted to actually enroll5. Temple hosted a week of activities, including a speed-dating style cultural exchange.


    The US State Department continues to promote study here through its EducationUSA offices around the world.


    The State Department is issuing new screening guidelines for Chinese students studying in highly sensitive fields such as aviation and robotics, acknowledged Edward Ramotowski, the deputy assistant secretary for visa services in the department's Bureau of Consular9 Affairs, during a congressional hearing June 6.


    New guidelines would require annual renewal10 of visas, primarily for Chinese graduate students in these fields. A State Department official would not confirm this, however, stating in an email that the maximum validity for a student visa for Chinese nationals is five years and is unchanged, and that consular officers have always had the right to limit the length of visas on a case-by-case basis.


    While the security concerns are important, the new guidelines, in conjunction with other immigration policies, could end up "contributing to a signal to foreign students that they're not welcome in the US," says Terry Hartle, senior vice8 president of the American Council on Education in Washington.


    Kang, a Chinese citizen who attended graduate school at Columbia University in New York, recently launched Lighthouse Academy in Beijing, a business that consults with students there about study abroad, primarily in the US.


    Visa and safety concerns do make a difference for students, he writes in an email interview.


    Many parents have told him they fear discrimination against their children since Trump's election, and they've also been disturbed by violent crimes against several Chinese students in the US. Add to that the recent media coverage11 of gun violence and "it conjured12 up a logic13 that is solid to parents: US is not safe," he writes.


    Half his undergraduate clients ask if they can apply to the US and Canada or other countries at the same time. Still, many Chinese students who can get into top-ranked US universities and afford the tuition will probably attend despite concerns, he says.


    Even those who have been negatively affected14 by violence in the US have urged people to see the bigger picture. After the Santa Fe, Texas, high school shooter killed Pakistani exchange student Sabika Sheikh, her father, Abdul Aziz Sheikh, told the Associated Press: "One should not lose his heart by such kind of incidents…. One should not stop going for education to the US or UK, or China, or anywhere. One must go for education undeterred."


     9级    双语 


    1 bolster [ˈbəʊlstə(r)] ltOzK   第10级
    • The high interest rates helped to bolster up the economy. 高利率使经济更稳健。
    • He tried to bolster up their morale. 他尽力鼓舞他们的士气。
    2 bias [ˈbaɪəs] 0QByQ   第7级
    • They are accusing the teacher of political bias in his marking. 他们在指控那名教师打分数有政治偏见。
    • He had a bias toward the plan. 他对这项计划有偏见。
    3 restrictions [rɪˈstrɪkʃənz] 81e12dac658cfd4c590486dd6f7523cf   第8级
    约束( restriction的名词复数 ); 管制; 制约因素; 带限制性的条件(或规则)
    • I found the restrictions irksome. 我对那些限制感到很烦。
    • a snaggle of restrictions 杂乱无章的种种限制
    4 prospective [prəˈspektɪv] oR7xB   第8级
    • The story should act as a warning to other prospective buyers. 这篇报道应该对其他潜在的购买者起到警示作用。
    • They have all these great activities for prospective freshmen. 这会举办各种各样的活动来招待未来的新人。
    5 enroll [ɪn'rəʊl] Pogxx   第7级
    • I should like to enroll all my children in the swimming class. 我愿意让我的孩子们都参加游泳班。
    • They enroll him as a member of the club. 他们吸收他为俱乐部会员。
    6 trump [trʌmp] LU1zK   第10级
    • He was never able to trump up the courage to have a showdown. 他始终鼓不起勇气摊牌。
    • The coach saved his star player for a trump card. 教练保留他的明星选手,作为他的王牌。
    7 allay [əˈleɪ] zxIzJ   第10级
    • The police tried to allay her fears but failed. 警察力图减轻她的恐惧,但是没有收到什么效果。
    • They are trying to allay public fears about the spread of the disease. 他们正竭力减轻公众对这种疾病传播的恐惧。
    8 vice [vaɪs] NU0zQ   第7级
    • He guarded himself against vice. 他避免染上坏习惯。
    • They are sunk in the depth of vice. 他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
    9 consular ['kɔnsjulə] tZMyq   第9级
    • He has rounded out twenty years in the consular service. 他在领事馆工作已整整20年了。
    • Consular invoices are declarations made at the consulate of the importing country. 领事发票是进口国领事馆签发的一种申报书。
    10 renewal [rɪˈnju:əl] UtZyW   第8级
    • Her contract is coming up for renewal in the autumn. 她的合同秋天就应该续签了。
    • Easter eggs symbolize the renewal of life. 复活蛋象征新生。
    11 coverage [ˈkʌvərɪdʒ] nvwz7v   第8级
    • There's little coverage of foreign news in the newspaper. 报纸上几乎没有国外新闻报道。
    • This is an insurance policy with extensive coverage. 这是一项承保范围广泛的保险。
    12 conjured [ˈkɔndʒəd] 227df76f2d66816f8360ea2fef0349b5   第9级
    用魔术变出( conjure的过去式和过去分词 ); 祈求,恳求; 变戏法; (变魔术般地) 使…出现
    • He conjured them with his dying breath to look after his children. 他临终时恳求他们照顾他的孩子。
    • His very funny joke soon conjured my anger away. 他讲了个十分有趣的笑话,使得我的怒气顿消。
    13 logic [ˈlɒdʒɪk] j0HxI   第7级
    • What sort of logic is that? 这是什么逻辑?
    • I don't follow the logic of your argument. 我不明白你的论点逻辑性何在。
    14 affected [əˈfektɪd] TzUzg0   第9级
    • She showed an affected interest in our subject. 她假装对我们的课题感到兴趣。
    • His manners are affected. 他的态度不自然。

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