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研究显示 每天只喝一杯酒也会出现健康问题
添加时间:2018-10-08 09:46:16 浏览次数: 作者:未知
  • Just one alcoholic1 drink a day slightly increases an individual's risk for health problems, according to a large new study.


    No level of alcohol consumption conferred any health benefits, the authors also concluded -- a finding that runs contrary to much previous research and public health guidelines in many countries.


    The analysis, involving 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2016, relied on 694 sources of data and analyzed2 592 studies to determine the health risks of alcohol use.


    While the study is among the largest of its kind, it was also observational, linking population-wide consumption to population-wide trends.


    The methods left many experts unconvinced.


    Online in Medium, David Spiegelhalter, a statistician at Cambridge University in England, wrote of the study's conclusion: "Claiming there is no 'safe' level does not seem an argument for abstention. There is no safe level of driving, but governments do not recommend that people avoid driving."


    The researchers relied on sales data and surveys to estimate the prevalence of drinking in each country and calculated alcohol consumption in standard drinks daily, defined as 10 grams, or about one-third of an ounce, of pure ethyl alcohol -- the equivalent of 3.4 ounces of red wine at 13 percent alcohol, 12 ounces of beer at 3.5 percent alcohol or one ounce of 80-proof whiskey.


    They also devised a method for distinguishing alcohol consumption among tourists from that of resident populations, and linked consumption data to 23 health outcomes, ranging from car accidents, suicides and tuberculosis3, to liver cirrhosis, cardiovascular disease and cancers.


    In 2016, 25 percent of women and 39 percent of men were currently drinkers -- about 2.4 billion people worldwide. Women consumed an average of 0.73 drinks a day, while men had 1.7 drinks.


    Rates of alcohol consumption vary widely by country, but in general the higher a country's income level, the higher the prevalence of drinking.


    The study, published in the Lancet, concluded that alcohol consumption is involved in 2.8 million deaths annually4 worldwide, making it the seventh leading risk factor for death and disability.


    Among people aged 15 to 49, alcohol use is the single most common risk factor for death and disability. In 2016, alcohol accounted for 6.8 percent of male and 2.2 percent of female deaths.


    "The main difference between alcohol and smoking is that no one is surprised that smoking is bad," said the lead author, Emmanuela Gakidou, a professor of health metrics sciences at the University of Washington.


    "But there's a lot of surprise, even among experts, that alcohol is as bad for you as it is."


    Many studies and most health guidelines suggest that moderate drinking -- one or two drinks a day -- is safe and may even reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke or diabetes5.


    But Dr. Gakidou and her colleagues found that just one drink a day for one year increases alcohol-related health problems slightly, to 918 per 100,000 people from 914 per 100,000.


     8级    双语 
     单词标签: alcoholic  analyzed  tuberculosis  annually  diabetes 


    1 alcoholic [ˌælkəˈhɒlɪk] rx7zC   第8级
    • The alcoholic strength of brandy far exceeds that of wine. 白兰地的酒精浓度远远超过葡萄酒。
    • Alcoholic drinks act as a poison to a child. 酒精饮料对小孩犹如毒药。
    2 analyzed ['ænəlaɪzd] 483f1acae53789fbee273a644fdcda80   第7级
    v.分析( analyze的过去式和过去分词 );分解;解释;对…进行心理分析
    • The doctors analyzed the blood sample for anemia. 医生们分析了贫血的血样。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    • The young man did not analyze the process of his captivation and enrapturement, for love to him was a mystery and could not be analyzed. 这年轻人没有分析自己蛊惑著迷的过程,因为对他来说,爱是个不可分析的迷。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    3 tuberculosis [tju:ˌbɜ:kjuˈləʊsɪs] bprym   第8级
    • People used to go to special health spring to recover from tuberculosis. 人们常去温泉疗养胜地治疗肺结核。
    • Tuberculosis is a curable disease. 肺结核是一种可治愈的病。
    4 annually [ˈænjuəli] VzYzNO   第9级
    • Many migratory birds visit this lake annually. 许多候鸟每年到这个湖上作短期逗留。
    • They celebrate their wedding anniversary annually. 他们每年庆祝一番结婚纪念日。
    5 diabetes [ˌdaɪəˈbi:ti:z] uPnzu   第9级
    • In case of diabetes, physicians advise against the use of sugar. 对于糖尿病患者,医生告诫他们不要吃糖。
    • Diabetes is caused by a fault in the insulin production of the body. 糖尿病是由体內胰岛素分泌失调引起的。

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