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添加时间:2019-02-01 09:00:59 浏览次数: 作者:未知
  • THE stage is more beholding1 to love, than the life of man. For as to the stage, love is ever matter of comedies, and now and then of tragedies; but in life it doth much mischief2; sometimes like a siren, sometimes like a fury. You may observe, that amongst all the great and worthy3 persons (whereof the memory remaineth, either ancient or recent) there is not one, that hath been transported to the mad degree of love: which shows that great spirits, and great business, do keep out this weak passion. You must except, nevertheless, Marcus Antonius, the half partner of the empire of Rome, and Appius Claudius, the decemvir and lawgiver; whereof the former was indeed a voluptuous4 man, and inordinate5; but the latter was an austere6 and wise man: and therefore it seems (though rarely) that love can find entrance, not only into an open heart, but also into a heart well fortified8, if watch be not well kept. It is a poor saying of Epicurus, Satis magnum alter alteri theatrum sumus; as if man, made for the contemplation of heaven, and all noble objects, should do nothing but kneel be- fore7 a little idol9, and make himself a subject, though not of the mouth (as beasts are), yet of the eye; which was given him for higher purposes.

    It is a strange thing, to note the excess of this passion, and how it braves the nature, and value of things, by this; that the speaking in a perpetual hyperbole, is comely10 in nothing but in love. Neither is it merely in the phrase; for whereas it hath been well said, that the arch-flatterer, with whom all the petty flatterers have intelligence, is a man's self; certainly the lover is more. For there was never proud man thought so absurdly well of him self, as the lover doth of the person loved; and therefore it was well said, That it is impossible to love, and to be wise. Neither doth this weakness appear to others only, and not to the party loved; but to the loved most of all, except the love be reciproque. For it is a true rule, that love is ever rewarded, either with the reciproque, or with an inward and secret contempt.

    舞台上的爱情比生活中的爱情要美好得多。因为在舞台上,爱情只是喜剧和悲剧的素材。而在人生中,爱情却常常招来不幸。它有时像那位诱惑人的魔女,有时又像 那位复仇的女神。你可以看到,一切真正伟大的人物(无论是古人、今人,只要是其英名永铭于人类记忆中的),“没有一个是因爱情而发狂的人:因为伟大的事业 抑制了这种软弱的感憎。只有罗马的安东尼和克劳底亚是例外。前者本性就好色荒淫,然而后者却是严肃多谋的人。所以爱情不仅会占领开旷坦阔的胸怀,有时也能 闯入壁垒森严的心灵--假如守御不严的话。 埃皮克拉斯曾说过一句笑话:“人生不过是一座大戏台。”似乎本应努力追求高尚事业的人类,却只应像玩偶奴隶般地逢场作戏似的。虽然爱情的奴隶并不同于那班 只顾吃喝的禽兽,但毕竟也只是眼目色相的奴隶--而上帝赐人以眼睛本来是更高尚的用途的。

    过度的爱情追求,必然会降低人本身的价值。例如,只有在爱情中,才永远需要那种浮夸诌媚的词令。而在其他场合,同样的词令只能招人耻笑。古人有一句名言: “最大的奉承,人总是留给自己的”。--只有对情人的奉承要算例外。因为甚至最骄傲的人,也甘愿在情人面前自轻自贱。所以古人说得好:“就是神在爱情中也 难保持聪明。”情人的这种弱点不仅在外人眼中是明显的,就是在被追求者的眼中也会很明显——除非她(他)也在追求他(她)。所以,爱情的代价就是如此,不 能得到回爱,就会得到一种深藏于心的轻蔑,这是一条永真的定律。

    By how much the more, men ought to beware of this passion, which loseth not only other things, but itself! As for the other losses, the poet's relation doth well figure them: that he that preferred Helena, quitted the gifts of Juno and Pallas.

    For whosoever esteemeth too much of amorous11 affection, quitteth both riches and wisdom. This passion hath his floods, in very times of weakness; which are great prosperity, and great adversity; though this latter hath been less observed: both which times kindle12 love, and make it more fervent13, and therefore show it to be the child of folly14. They do best, who if they cannot but admit love, yet make it keep quarters; and sever15 it wholly from their serious affairs, and actions, of life; for if it check once with business, it troubleth men's fortunes, and maketh men, that they can noways be true to their own ends. I know not how, but martial16 men are given to love: I think, it is but as they are given to wine; for perils17 commonly ask to be paid in pleasures. There is in man's nature, a secret inclination18 and motion, towards love of others, which if it be not spent upon some one or a few, doth naturally spread itself towards many, and maketh men become humane19 and charitable; as it is seen sometime in friars.

    Nuptial20 love maketh mankind; friendly love perfecteth it; but wanton love corrupteth, and embaseth it.


    当人心最软弱的时候,爱情最容易入侵,那就是当人得意春风,忘乎所以和处境窘困孤独凄零的时候,虽然后者未必能得到爱情。人在这样的时候最急于跳入 爱情的火焰中,由此可见,“爱情”实在是“愚蠢”的儿子。但有一些人,即使心中有了爱,仍能约束它,使它不妨碍重大的事业。因为爱情一旦干扰情绪,就会阻 碍人坚定地奔向既定的目标。 我不懂是什么缘故,使许多军人更容易陷入爱情,也许这正像他们嗜爱饮酒一样,是因为危险的生活更需要欢乐的补偿。人心中可能普遍具有一种博爱的倾向,若不 集中于某个专一的对象身上:就必然会施之于更广泛的大众,使他成为仁善的人,例如像有的僧侣那样。


     12级    双语 


    1 beholding [bɪˈhəʊldɪŋ] 05d0ea730b39c90ee12d6e6b8c193935   第10级
    v.看,注视( behold的现在分词 );瞧;看呀;(叙述中用于引出某人意外的出现)哎哟
    • Beholding, besides love, the end of love,/Hearing oblivion beyond memory! 我看见了爱,还看到了爱的结局,/听到了记忆外层的哪一片寂寥! 来自英汉 - 翻译样例 - 文学
    • Hence people who began by beholding him ended by perusing him. 所以人们从随便看一看他开始的,都要以仔细捉摸他而终结。 来自辞典例句
    2 mischief [ˈmɪstʃɪf] jDgxH   第7级
    • Nobody took notice of the mischief of the matter. 没有人注意到这件事情所带来的危害。
    • He seems to intend mischief. 看来他想捣蛋。
    3 worthy [ˈwɜ:ði] vftwB   第7级
    • I did not esteem him to be worthy of trust. 我认为他不值得信赖。
    • There occurred nothing that was worthy to be mentioned. 没有值得一提的事发生。
    4 voluptuous [vəˈlʌptʃuəs] lLQzV   第11级
    • The nobility led voluptuous lives. 贵族阶层过着骄奢淫逸的生活。
    • The dancer's movements were slow and voluptuous. 舞女的动作缓慢而富挑逗性。
    5 inordinate [ɪnˈɔ:dɪnət] c6txn   第10级
    • The idea of this gave me inordinate pleasure. 我想到这一点感到非常高兴。
    • James hints that his heroine's demands on life are inordinate. 詹姆斯暗示他的女主人公对于人生过于苛求。
    6 austere [ɒˈstɪə(r)] GeIyW   第9级
    • His way of life is rather austere. 他的生活方式相当简朴。
    • The room was furnished in austere style. 这间屋子的陈设都很简单朴素。
    7 fore [fɔ:(r)] ri8xw   第7级
    • Your seat is in the fore part of the aircraft. 你的座位在飞机的前部。
    • I have the gift of fore knowledge. 我能够未卜先知。
    8 fortified ['fɔ:tɪfaɪd] fortified   第9级
    adj. 加强的
    • He fortified himself against the cold with a hot drink. 他喝了一杯热饮御寒。
    • The enemy drew back into a few fortified points. 敌人收缩到几个据点里。
    9 idol [ˈaɪdl] Z4zyo   第8级
    • As an only child he was the idol of his parents. 作为独子,他是父母的宠儿。
    • Blind worship of this idol must be ended. 对这个偶像的盲目崇拜应该结束了。
    10 comely [ˈkʌmli] GWeyX   第11级
    • His wife is a comely young woman. 他的妻子是一个美丽的少妇。
    • A nervous, comely-dressed little girl stepped out. 一个紧张不安、衣着漂亮的小姑娘站了出来。
    11 amorous [ˈæmərəs] Menys   第12级
    • They exchanged amorous glances and clearly made known their passions. 二人眉来眼去,以目传情。
    • She gave him an amorous look. 她脉脉含情的看他一眼。
    12 kindle [ˈkɪndl] n2Gxu   第9级
    • This wood is too wet to kindle. 这木柴太湿点不着。
    • A small spark was enough to kindle Lily's imagination. 一星光花足以点燃莉丽的全部想象力。
    13 fervent [ˈfɜ:vənt] SlByg   第8级
    • It was a debate which aroused fervent ethical arguments. 那是一场引发强烈的伦理道德争论的辩论。
    • Austria was among the most fervent supporters of Adolf Hitler. 奥地利是阿道夫希特勒最狂热的支持者之一。
    14 folly [ˈfɒli] QgOzL   第8级
    • Learn wisdom by the folly of others. 从别人的愚蠢行动中学到智慧。
    • Events proved the folly of such calculations. 事情的进展证明了这种估计是愚蠢的。
    15 sever [ˈsevə(r)] wTXzb   第9级
    • She wanted to sever all her connections with the firm. 她想断绝和那家公司的所有联系。
    • We must never sever the cultural vein of our nation. 我们不能割断民族的文化血脉。
    16 martial [ˈmɑ:ʃl] bBbx7   第8级
    • The sound of martial music is always inspiring. 军乐声总是鼓舞人心的。
    • The officer was convicted of desertion at a court martial. 这名军官在军事法庭上被判犯了擅离职守罪。
    17 perils [ˈperilz] 3c233786f6fe7aad593bf1198cc33cbe   第9级
    极大危险( peril的名词复数 ); 危险的事(或环境)
    • The commander bade his men be undaunted in the face of perils. 指挥员命令他的战士要临危不惧。
    • With how many more perils and disasters would he load himself? 他还要再冒多少风险和遭受多少灾难?
    18 inclination [ˌɪnklɪˈneɪʃn] Gkwyj   第7级
    • She greeted us with a slight inclination of the head. 她微微点头向我们致意。
    • I did not feel the slightest inclination to hurry. 我没有丝毫着急的意思。
    19 humane [hju:ˈmeɪn] Uymy0   第8级
    • Is it humane to kill animals for food? 宰杀牲畜来吃合乎人道吗?
    • Their aim is for a more just and humane society. 他们的目标是建立一个更加公正、博爱的社会。
    20 nuptial [ˈnʌpʃl] 1vVyf   第11级
    • Their nuptial day hasn't been determined. 他们的结婚日还没有决定。
    • I went to the room which he had called the nuptial chamber. 我走进了他称之为洞房的房间。

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