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旅游英语:Cambridge University
添加时间:2020-03-18 20:43:39 浏览次数: 作者:未知
  • On the surface, Chinatown is prosperous - a "model slum," some have called it - with the lowest crime rate, highest employment and least juvenile1 delinquency of any city district. Walk through its crowded streets at any time of day, and every shop is doing a brisk and businesslike trade: restaurant after restaurant is booming; there are storefront displays of shiny squids, clawing crabs2 and clambering lobster3; and street markets offer overflowing4 piles of exotic green vegetables, garlic and ginger5 root. Chinatown has the feel of a land of plenty, and the reason why lies with the Chinese themselves: even here, in the very core of downtown Manhattan, they have been careful to preserve their own way of dealing6 with things, preferring to keep affairs close to the bond of the family and allowing few intrusions into a still-insular culture. There have been several concessions7 to Westerners - storefront signs now offer English translations, and Haagen Dazs and Baskin Robbins ice-cream stores have opened on lower Mott Street - but they can‘t help but seem incongruous. The one time of the year when Chinatown bursts open is during the Chinese New Year festival, held each year on the first full moon after January 19, when a giant dragon runs down Mott Street to the accompaniment of firecrackers, and the gutters8 run with ceremonial dyes.

    Beneath the neighborhood‘s blithely9 prosperous facade10, however, there is a darker underbelly. Sharp practices continue to flourish, with traditional extortion and protection rackets still in business. Non-union sweatshops - their assembly lines grinding from early morning to late into the evening - are still visited by the US Department of Labor, who come to investigate workers‘ testimonies11 of being paid below minimum wage for seventy-plus-hour work weeks. Living conditions are abysmal12 for the poorer Chinese - mostly recent immigrants and the elderly - who reside in small rooms in overcrowded tenements13 ill-kept by landlords. Yet, because the community has been cloistered14 for so long and has only just begun to seek help from city officials for its internal problems, you won‘t detect any hint15 of difficulties unless you reside in Chinatown for a considerable length of time.

     11级    双语 


    1 juvenile [ˈdʒu:vənaɪl] OkEy2   第8级
    • For a grown man he acted in a very juvenile manner. 身为成年人,他的行为举止显得十分幼稚。
    • Juvenile crime is increasing at a terrifying rate. 青少年犯罪正在以惊人的速度增长。
    2 crabs [kræbz] a26cc3db05581d7cfc36d59943c77523   第7级
    n.蟹( crab的名词复数 );阴虱寄生病;蟹肉v.捕蟹( crab的第三人称单数 )
    • As we walked along the seashore we saw lots of tiny crabs. 我们在海岸上散步时看到很多小蟹。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    • The fish and crabs scavenge for decaying tissue. 鱼和蟹搜寻腐烂的组织为食。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    3 lobster [ˈlɒbstə(r)] w8Yzm   第8级
    • The lobster is a shellfish. 龙虾是水生贝壳动物。
    • I like lobster but it does not like me. 我喜欢吃龙虾,但它不适宜于我的健康。
    4 overflowing [əʊvə'fləʊɪŋ] df84dc195bce4a8f55eb873daf61b924   第7级
    n. 溢出物,溢流 adj. 充沛的,充满的 动词overflow的现在分词形式
    • The stands were overflowing with farm and sideline products. 集市上农副产品非常丰富。
    • The milk is overflowing. 牛奶溢出来了。
    5 ginger [ˈdʒɪndʒə(r)] bzryX   第7级
    • Ginger shall be hot in the mouth. 生姜吃到嘴里总是辣的。
    • There is no ginger in the young man. 这个年轻人没有精神。
    6 dealing [ˈdi:lɪŋ] NvjzWP   第10级
    • This store has an excellent reputation for fair dealing. 该商店因买卖公道而享有极高的声誉。
    • His fair dealing earned our confidence. 他的诚实的行为获得我们的信任。
    7 concessions [kən'seʃənz] 6b6f497aa80aaf810133260337506fa9   第7级
    n.(尤指由政府或雇主给予的)特许权( concession的名词复数 );承认;减价;(在某地的)特许经营权
    • The firm will be forced to make concessions if it wants to avoid a strike. 要想避免罢工,公司将不得不作出一些让步。
    • The concessions did little to placate the students. 让步根本未能平息学生的愤怒。
    8 gutters ['gʌtərs] 498deb49a59c1db2896b69c1523f128c   第8级
    (路边)排水沟( gutter的名词复数 ); 阴沟; (屋顶的)天沟; 贫贱的境地
    • Gutters lead the water into the ditch. 排水沟把水排到这条水沟里。
    • They were born, they grew up in the gutters. 他们生了下来,以后就在街头长大。
    9 blithely ['blaɪðlɪ] blithely   第10级
    • They blithely carried on chatting, ignoring the customers who were waiting to be served. 他们继续开心地聊天,将等着购物的顾客们置于一边。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    • He blithely ignored her protests and went on talking as if all were agreed between them. 对她的抗议他毫不在意地拋诸脑后,只管继续往下说,仿彿他们之间什么都谈妥了似的。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    10 facade [fəˈsɑ:d] El5xh   第9级
    • The entrance facade consists of a large full height glass door. 入口正面有一大型全高度玻璃门。
    • If you look carefully, you can see through Bob's facade. 如果你仔细观察,你就能看穿鲍勃的外表。
    11 testimonies [ˈtestiməniz] f6d079f7a374008476eebef3d09a7d82   第7级
    (法庭上证人的)证词( testimony的名词复数 ); 证明,证据
    • Davie poured forth his eloquence upon the controversies and testimonies of the day. 戴维向他滔滔不绝地谈那些当时有争论的问题和上帝的箴言。
    • Remove from me reproach and contempt; for I have kept thy testimonies. 22求你除掉我所受的羞辱和藐视,因我遵守你的法度。
    12 abysmal [əˈbɪzməl] 4VNzp   第10级
    • The film was so abysmal that I fell asleep. 电影太糟糕,看得我睡着了。
    • There is a historic explanation for the abysmal state of Chinese cuisine in the United States. 中餐在美国的糟糕状态可以从历史上找原因。
    13 tenements ['tenəmənts] 307ebb75cdd759d238f5844ec35f9e27   第11级
    n.房屋,住户,租房子( tenement的名词复数 )
    • Here were crumbling tenements, squalid courtyards and stinking alleys. 随处可见破烂的住房、肮脏的庭院和臭气熏天的小胡同。 来自辞典例句
    • The tenements are in a poor section of the city. 共同住宅是在城中较贫苦的区域里。 来自辞典例句
    14 cloistered [ˈklɔɪstəd] 4f1490b85c2b43f5160b7807f7d48ce9   第11级
    adj.隐居的,躲开尘世纷争的v.隐退,使与世隔绝( cloister的过去式和过去分词 )
    • the cloistered world of the university 与世隔绝的大学
    • She cloistered herself in the office. 她呆在办公室里好像与世隔绝一样。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    15 hint [hɪnt] IdgxW   第7级
    • He gave me a hint that I was being cheated. 他暗示我在受人欺骗。
    • He quickly took the hint. 一点他就明白了。

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