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旅游英语:The White House
添加时间:2020-03-18 20:44:46 浏览次数: 作者:未知
  • For almost two hundred years, the White House has stood as a symbol of the Presidency1, the United States government, and the American people. Its history, and the history of the nation‘s capital, began when President George Washington signed an Act of Congress in December of 1790 declaring that the federal government would reside in a district "not exceeding ten miles square...on the river Potomac." President Washington, together with city planner Pierre L‘Enfant, chose the site for the new residence, which is now 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. As preparations began for the new federal city, a competition was held to find a builder of the "President‘s House." Nine proposals were submitted, and Irish-born architect James Hoban won a gold medal for his practical and handsome design.

    Construction began when the first cornerstone was laid in October of 1792. Although President Washington oversaw2 the construction of the house, he never lived in it. It was not until 1800, when the White House was nearly completed, that its first residents, President John Adams and his wife, Abigail, moved in. Since that time, each President has made his own changes and additions. The White House is, nt‘s private home. It is also the only private residence of a head of state that is open to the public, free of charge.

    The White House has a unique and fascinating history. It survived a fire at the hands of the British in 1814 (during the war of 1812) and another fire in the West Wing in 1929, while Herbert Hoover was President. Throughout much of Harry3 S. Truman‘s presidency, the interior of the house, with the exception of the third floor, was completely gutted4 and renovated5 while the Trumans lived at Blair House, right across Pennsylvania Avenue. Nonetheless, the exterior6 stone walls are those first put in place when the White House was constructed two centuries ago.

    Presidents can express their individual style in how they decorate some parts of the house and in how they receive the public during their stay. Thomas Jefferson held the first Inaugural7 open house in 1805. Many of those who attended the swearing-in ceremony at the U.S. Capitol simply followed him home, where he greeted them in the Blue Room. President Jefferson also opened the house for public tours, and it has remained open, except during wartime, ever since. In addition, he welcomed visitors to annual receptions on New Year’s Day and on the Fourth of July. In 1829, a horde8 of 20,000 Inaugural callers forced President Andrew Jackson to flee to the safety of a hotel while, on the lawn, aides filled washtubs with orange juice and whiskey to lure9 the mob out of the mud-tracked White House.

    After Abraham Lincoln‘s presidency, Inaugural crowds became far too large for the White House to accommodate them comfortably. However, not until Grover Cleveland‘s first presidency did this unsafe practice change. He held a presidential review of the troops from a flag-draped grandstand built in front of the White House. This procession evolved into the official Inaugural parade we know today. Receptions on New Year‘s Day and the Fourth of July continued to be held until the early 1930s.

    President Clinton‘s open house on January 21, 1993 renewed a venerable White House Inaugural tradition. Two thousand citizens, selected by lottery10, were greeted in the Diplomatic Reception Room by President and Mrs. Clinton and Vice11 President and Mrs. Gore12.

     10级    双语 
     单词标签: presidency  oversaw  harry  gutted  renovated  exterior  inaugural  horde  lure  lottery  vice  gore 


    1 presidency [ˈprezɪdənsi] J1HzD   第9级
    • Roosevelt was elected four times to the presidency of the United States. 罗斯福连续当选四届美国总统。
    • Two candidates are emerging as contestants for the presidency. 两位候选人最终成为总统职位竞争者。
    2 oversaw [ˌəʊvə'sɔ:] 1175bee226edb4f0a38466d02f3baa27   第8级
    v.监督,监视( oversee的过去式 )
    • He will go down as the president who oversaw two historic transitions. 他将作为见证了巴西两次历史性转变的总统,安然引退。 来自互联网
    • Dixon oversaw the project as creative director of Design Research Studio. 狄克逊监督项目的创意总监设计研究工作室。 来自互联网
    3 harry [ˈhæri] heBxS   第8级
    • Today, people feel more hurried and harried. 今天,人们感到更加忙碌和苦恼。
    • Obama harried business by Healthcare Reform plan. 奥巴马用医改掠夺了商界。
    4 gutted [ˈgʌtɪd] c134ad44a9236700645177c1ee9a895f   第7级
    adj.容易消化的v.毁坏(建筑物等)的内部( gut的过去式和过去分词 );取出…的内脏
    • Disappointed? I was gutted! 失望?我是伤心透了!
    • The invaders gutted the historic building. 侵略者们将那幢历史上有名的建筑洗劫一空。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
    5 renovated [ˈrenəveitid] 0623303c5ec2d1938425e76e30682277   第8级
    翻新,修复,整修( renovate的过去式和过去分词 )
    • He renovated his house. 他翻修了房子。
    • The house has been renovated three years earlier. 这所房子三年前就已翻新。
    6 exterior [ɪkˈstɪəriə(r)] LlYyr   第7级
    • The seed has a hard exterior covering. 这种子外壳很硬。
    • We are painting the exterior wall of the house. 我们正在给房子的外墙涂漆。
    7 inaugural [ɪˈnɔ:gjərəl] 7cRzQ   第11级
    • We listened to the President's inaugural speech on the radio yesterday. 昨天我们通过无线电听了总统的就职演说。
    • Professor Pearson gave the inaugural lecture in the new lecture theatre. 皮尔逊教授在新的阶梯讲堂发表了启用演说。
    8 horde [hɔ:d] 9dLzL   第10级
    • A horde of children ran over the office building. 一大群孩子在办公大楼里到处奔跑。
    • Two women were quarrelling on the street, surrounded by horde of people. 有两个妇人在街上争吵,被一大群人围住了。
    9 lure [lʊə(r)] l8Gz2   第7级
    • Life in big cities is a lure for many country boys. 大城市的生活吸引着许多乡下小伙子。
    • He couldn't resist the lure of money. 他不能抵制金钱的诱惑。
    10 lottery [ˈlɒtəri] 43MyV   第7级
    • He won no less than £5000 in the lottery. 他居然中了5000英镑的奖券。
    • They thought themselves lucky in the lottery of life. 他们认为自己是变幻莫测的人生中的幸运者。
    11 vice [vaɪs] NU0zQ   第7级
    • He guarded himself against vice. 他避免染上坏习惯。
    • They are sunk in the depth of vice. 他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
    12 gore [gɔ:(r)] gevzd   第12级
    • The fox lay dying in a pool of gore. 狐狸倒在血泊中奄奄一息。
    • Carruthers had been gored by a rhinoceros. 卡拉瑟斯被犀牛顶伤了。

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