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当前位置:首页 -> 12级英语阅读 - > 美国大批名人推特账户被黑
添加时间:2020-07-29 08:41:35 浏览次数: 作者:未知
  • he Twitter accounts of major public figures and corporations, including Joe Biden, Barack Obama, Elon Musk1, Bill Gates, Jeff Bezos and Apple were hijacked2 Wednesday, in a stunning4 show of force by hackers6.


    Twitter said it was aware of "a security incident" and "taking steps to fix it", but provided no further information hours after the hack5 began.


    The hack unfolded over the course of several hours, and it appeared that Twitter was only able to stop it by preventing verified accounts from tweeting at all – an unprecedented7 measure.


    The messages included the address of a bitcoin wallet whose balance grew rapidly to more than 11 BTC (more than $100,000) as the scam spread. Tweets with similar messages were repeatedly deleted and re-posted by some of the compromised accounts over the course of Wednesday afternoon.


    While the motives8 and source of the attack are not yet known, the coordinated9 hijacking10 of the verified communications streams of world leaders, celebrities11 and major corporate12 accounts was a frightening prospect13. Twitter has become a de facto wire service for the world and is used for official communications by governments during emergencies; a hack on the scale of Wednesday's attack could have been more disruptive or even dangerous.


    "The amount of damage this could cause is very high," said Douglas Schmidt, a computer science professor at Vanderbilt University. "These people could hold information gleaned14 from the hack for ransom15 in the future."范德比尔特大学计算机科学教授道格拉斯·施密特说:“这可能造成非常大的损害。这些人可以保存从此次入侵事件中收集到的信息,以便将来索取赎金。”

    Twitter issued a statement approximately 90 minutes after scam messages began being sent out by Musk's and Gates' accounts, as the attack was ongoing16.


    "We are aware of a security incident impacting accounts on Twitter," the company said on Twitter. "We are investigating and taking steps to fix it. We will update everyone shortly."推特公司发推文表示:“我们注意到一起安全事件影响了推特上的账户。我们正在调查并采取措施修复。我们很快就会向大家发布最新消息。”

    The company subsequently warned that some users would be unable to tweet or change their passwords as it worked to address the issue. The company appeared to be blocking verified users, whose accounts feature a blue checkmark to denote that Twitter has confirmed their identities, from tweeting.


    Twitter's stock price tumbled more than 3% in after hours trading.


    The hack probably targeted a vulnerability on Twitter's end rather than those of the individual account holders17, said John Ozbay, the chief executive of the privacy and security tool Cryptee. Most high-profile users probably engage two-factor authentication18, Ozbay said, and the hackers appeared to have enough control over the compromised accounts to "pin" a tweet. That would not have been possible if a hacked19 account were being controlled by SMS, as occurred when the Twitter CEO Jack3 Dorsey's own account was hijacked in 2019.


    Schmidt said that the attacks could be related to the fact that Twitter, like much of the rest of the tech industry, has transitioned to remote work during the coronavirus pandemic.


    "The likelihood of attacks like this increase when people are working remotely it is much easier for bad actors to impersonate someone through an email and gain access to their accounts," said Schmidt. "Assuming this wasn't someone inside Twitter trying to take revenge, it appears to be a spear phishing attack – someone who has access to admin privileges that can override20 two-factor authentication and strong passwords fell victim to a hack".


     12级    双语 


    1 musk [mʌsk] v6pzO   第11级
    n.麝香, 能发出麝香的各种各样的植物,香猫
    • Musk is used for perfume and stimulant. 麝香可以用作香料和兴奋剂。
    • She scented her clothes with musk. 她用麝香使衣服充满了香味。
    2 hijacked [ˈhaidʒækt] 54f3e68c506e45e75f9a155a27738c2f   第7级
    劫持( hijack的过去式和过去分词 ); 绑架; 拦路抢劫; 操纵(会议等,以推销自己的意图)
    • The plane was hijacked by two armed men on a flight from London to Rome. 飞机在从伦敦飞往罗马途中遭到两名持械男子劫持。
    • The plane was hijacked soon after it took off. 那架飞机起飞后不久被劫持了。
    3 jack [dʒæk] 53Hxp   第7级
    • I am looking for the headphone jack. 我正在找寻头戴式耳机插孔。
    • He lifted the car with a jack to change the flat tyre. 他用千斤顶把车顶起来换下瘪轮胎。
    4 stunning [ˈstʌnɪŋ] NhGzDh   第10级
    • His plays are distinguished only by their stunning mediocrity. 他的戏剧与众不同之处就是平凡得出奇。
    • The finished effect was absolutely stunning. 完工后的效果非常美。
    5 hack [hæk] BQJz2   第9级
    • He made a hack at the log. 他朝圆木上砍了一下。
    • Early settlers had to hack out a clearing in the forest where they could grow crops. 早期移民不得不在森林里劈出空地种庄稼。
    6 hackers ['hækərz] dc5d6e5c0ffd6d1cd249286ced098382   第9级
    n.计算机迷( hacker的名词复数 );私自存取或篡改电脑资料者,电脑“黑客”
    • They think of viruses that infect an organization from the outside.They envision hackers breaking into their information vaults. 他们考虑来自外部的感染公司的病毒,他们设想黑客侵入到信息宝库中。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    • Arranging a meeting with the hackers took weeks againoff-again email exchanges. 通过几星期电子邮件往来安排见面,他们最终同意了。 来自互联网
    7 unprecedented [ʌnˈpresɪdentɪd] 7gSyJ   第8级
    • The air crash caused an unprecedented number of deaths. 这次空难的死亡人数是空前的。
    • A flood of this sort is really unprecedented. 这样大的洪水真是十年九不遇。
    8 motives [ˈməutivz] 6c25d038886898b20441190abe240957   第7级
    n.动机,目的( motive的名词复数 )
    • to impeach sb's motives 怀疑某人的动机
    • His motives are unclear. 他的用意不明。
    9 coordinated [kəu'ɔ:dineitid] 72452d15f78aec5878c1559a1fbb5383   第7级
    • The sound has to be coordinated with the picture. 声音必须和画面协调一致。
    • The numerous existing statutes are complicated and poorly coordinated. 目前繁多的法令既十分复杂又缺乏快调。 来自英汉非文学 - 环境法 - 环境法
    10 hijacking ['haɪdʒækɪŋ] 8bc03d345d8eb45010ef3f77dba7a41c   第7级
    n. 劫持, 抢劫 动词hijack的现在分词形式
    • I have been told about the hijacking . 我已听说了那次劫机事件。 来自英汉 - 翻译样例 - 口语
    • They are taking measures to guarantee against the occurrence of hijacking. 他们正采取措施防止劫机事件的发生。
    11 celebrities [siˈlebritiz] d38f03cca59ea1056c17b4467ee0b769   第7级
    n.(尤指娱乐界的)名人( celebrity的名词复数 );名流;名声;名誉
    • He only invited A-list celebrities to his parties. 他只邀请头等名流参加他的聚会。
    • a TV chat show full of B-list celebrities 由众多二流人物参加的电视访谈节目
    12 corporate [ˈkɔ:pərət] 7olzl   第7级
    • This is our corporate responsibility. 这是我们共同的责任。
    • His corporate's life will be as short as a rabbit's tail. 他的公司的寿命是兔子尾巴长不了。
    13 prospect [ˈprɒspekt] P01zn   第7级
    • This state of things holds out a cheerful prospect. 事态呈现出可喜的前景。
    • The prospect became more evident. 前景变得更加明朗了。
    14 gleaned [gli:nd] 83f6cdf195a7d487666a71e02179d977   第9级
    v.一点点地收集(资料、事实)( glean的过去式和过去分词 );(收割后)拾穗
    • These figures have been gleaned from a number of studies. 这些数据是通过多次研究收集得来的。
    • A valuable lesson may be gleaned from it by those who have eyes to see. 明眼人可从中记取宝贵的教训。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
    15 ransom [ˈrænsəm] tTYx9   第9级
    • We'd better arrange the ransom right away. 我们最好马上把索取赎金的事安排好。
    • The kidnappers exacted a ransom of 10000 from the family. 绑架者向这家人家勒索10000英镑的赎金。
    16 ongoing [ˈɒngəʊɪŋ] 6RvzT   第8级
    • The problem is ongoing. 这个问题尚未解决。
    • The issues raised in the report relate directly to Age Concern's ongoing work in this area. 报告中提出的问题与“关心老人”组织在这方面正在做的工作有直接的关系。
    17 holders [ˈhəuldəz] 79c0e3bbb1170e3018817c5f45ebf33f   第7级
    支持物( holder的名词复数 ); 持有者; (支票等)持有人; 支托(或握持)…之物
    • Slaves were mercilessly ground down by slave holders. 奴隶受奴隶主的残酷压迫。
    • It is recognition of compassion's part that leads the up-holders of capital punishment to accuse the abolitionists of sentimentality in being more sorry for the murderer than for his victim. 正是对怜悯的作用有了认识,才使得死刑的提倡者指控主张废除死刑的人感情用事,同情谋杀犯胜过同情受害者。
    18 authentication [ɔ:ˌθenti'keiʃən] jO5yS   第11级
    • Computer security technology includes mainly:Authentication,Encryption,Access Control,Auditing and so on.计算机网络安全技术主要有: 认证授权、数据加密、访问控制、安全审计等。
    19 hacked [hækt] FrgzgZ   第9级
    • I hacked the dead branches off. 我把枯树枝砍掉了。
    • I'm really hacked off. 我真是很恼火。
    20 override [ˌəʊvəˈraɪd] sK4xu   第9级
    • The welfare of a child should always override the wishes of its parents. 孩子的幸福安康应该永远比父母的愿望来得更重要。
    • I'm applying in advance for the authority to override him. 我提前申请当局对他进行否决。

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