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英语世界文摘:“Bao” Director Domee Shi
添加时间:2021-05-07 08:56:19 浏览次数: 作者:未知
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    “Bao” Director Domee Shi

    包宝宝》华裔女导演石之予

    译者按】皮克斯动画工作室推出《包宝宝》,人人点赞,在中国尤其受欢迎。《包宝宝》的中文片名取得十分巧妙,音义兼收,经剧组集思广义而成,其中的中国元素令观众喜爱不已。作为好莱坞首位华裔女导演,石之予备受推崇。作为移民后代,石之予令人为之骄傲。

    Domee Shi is a Chinese-Canadian storyboard artist and director for Pixar since 2011. She has contributed to multiple films including Inside Out (2015), Incredibles 2 (2018), and Toy Story 4 (2019). Outside of her storyboard career, Shi directed the 2018 short film Bao, becoming the first woman to direct a short film for Pixar. Her work in animation1 had earned her nominations2 for the 43rd Annie Awards, the International Online Cinema Awards, and the Tribeca Film Festival.

    石之予,加籍华裔,2011年进入皮克斯动画工作室,任分镜师和导演至今。石之予参与过多部影片的制作,包括《头脑特工队》(2015)、《超人总动员2》(2018)和《玩具总动员4》(2019)。除担任分镜师外,石之予于2018年执导短片《包宝宝》,成为皮克斯第一位执导短片的女导演。石之予在动画制作方面表现优异,赢得了多项提名,包括第43届安妮奖、国际网络电影奖、翠贝卡电影节。

    Early life and education

    早年生活和所受教育

    Shi was born in 1989 in Chongqing, China as an only child before immigrating3 to Canada with her parents at the age of two. She spent half a year in Newfoundland before moving to Toronto where she grew up learning about art from her father. She was influenced by her father, who was a college professor for fine art and a landscape painter in China. In terms of her mother, Shi mentions that “She’s not a super outwardly emotional person,” but she gets a lot of inspiration and guidance from her mom when directing Bao. Shi recalls that “My Chinese mom was always making sure I never wandered away too far, that I was safe.” She also states that her favorite dumplings have to be “the boiled pork and chives dumplings that my mom would make for me growing up.” During her childhood, she watched lots of Studio Ghibli and Disney films which exposed her to Asian cinema and animation.

    石之予是独生女,1989年出生于中国重庆,两岁时随父母移民加拿大。在纽芬兰生活半年后,石之予移居多伦多,在那里长大,从小随父亲学画。石之予父亲是中国高校美术教授、风景画家,对她影响很大。至于母亲,石之予说“她不是一个特别外向的人”,但在执导《包宝宝》时,石之予从母亲身上获得不少灵感,得到不少帮助。石之予回忆道:“我妈妈是华人,她总是盯着我,担心我跑得太远,出什么事儿。”石之予还告诉大家,她最喜欢的饺子绝对是“从小到大妈妈包的大肉韭菜饺子”。童年时,石之予看了大量吉卜力工作室和迪士尼的动画片,接触到亚洲电影和动画影片。

    As a high school student, Shi bingewatched anime, read manga, and became the Vice4 President of her school’s anime club. She joined online art communities and uploaded her fan artwork to DeviantArt1. This became her first exposure to an environment of likeminded people that helped her establish a network with other artists. “I could follow artists, and I could email them. In the past, you’d have to be in California or know a guy who was friends with this other guy that worked at Disney or something,” said Shi. As a result, she was inspired to enroll5 at Sheridan College2 for her post-secondary education.

    高中时,石之予疯狂观看大量日本动画片,阅读日本漫画,曾担任学校日本动画俱乐部副主席。她曾加入线上美术团体,上传自己的美术作品到DA网。这是她第一次接触到兴趣相投的人组成的大圈子,结交了一批艺术家。石之予说:“我可以了解其他艺术家的动向,给他们发电邮。要在以前,你得家住加利福尼亚,要不就得认识某人,再通过这人结识他/她在迪士尼或类似什么地方工作的朋友。”石之予因此受到启发,考入谢尔丹学院深造。

    At Sheridan, Shi studied animation and graduated in 2011. During her second year attending school, she enrolled6 in a course taught by Nancy Beiman and credits Beiman’s class for her pursuit in the animation industry for storyboarding. Shi created a short film for an assignment during her last year at Sheridan. In 2009, she took up an internship7 with Chuck Gammage Animation Inc. as a clean-up artist, storyboard artist, and animator.

    在谢尔丹学院学习期间,石之予专攻动画,于2011年毕业。大二时,她报读了南希·贝曼主讲的课程,从此立志成为动画分镜师。大学最后一年,石之予按照课程要求,创作了一部短片。2009年,她进入查克·甘米奇动画公司实习,历任清稿员、分镜师和动画师。

    Career

    事业发展

    After graduating, Shi worked briefly8 as a cartooning instructor9 with an emphasis of character design and comic book creation. In 2011, she took on a three month internship at Pixar as a storyboard artist.

    大学毕业后,石之予短暂从事过卡通教学,侧重于人物设计和漫画图书的创作。2011年,她到皮克斯实习了3个月,任分镜师。

    The short film Bao was developed as a “side-project” before and during Shi’s full-time10 work on Inside Out. It, alongside two other projects, had eventually been pitched to her mentor11 Pete Docter and Pixar for support. Bao was approved in 2015 and made Shi the first woman to direct a short film for the studio.

    全职投入《头脑特工队》制作之前和制作过程中, 石之予一直酝酿着自己的“副产品”——短片《包宝宝》。最终,该片同其他两部影片的构想被送到她的导师皮特·多克特和皮克斯审批。2015年,《包宝宝》获批上马,石之予成为皮克斯动画工作室第一位执导短片的女性。

    注释:

    1. 简称DA,一个展示与分享各类艺术创作的大型国际性社群网站。

    2. 该校动画专业世界排名前五,被誉为动漫界哈佛。

     10级    双语 


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    1 animation [ˌænɪˈmeɪʃn] UMdyv   第8级
    n.活泼,兴奋,卡通片/动画片的制作
    参考例句:
    • They are full of animation as they talked about their childhood. 当他们谈及童年的往事时都非常兴奋。
    • The animation of China made a great progress. 中国的卡通片制作取得很大发展。
    2 nominations [ˌnɔməˈneɪʃənz] b4802078efbd3da66d5889789cd2e9ca   第8级
    n.提名,任命( nomination的名词复数 )
    参考例句:
    • Nominations are invited for the post of party chairman. 为党主席职位征集候选人。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    • Much coverage surrounded his abortive bids for the 1960,1964, and 1968 Republican Presidential nominations. 许多消息报道都围绕着1960年、1964年和1968年他为争取提名为共和党总统候选人所做努力的失败。 来自辞典例句
    3 immigrating [ˈɪmɪˌgreɪtɪŋ] 97e64302f3d55565cfd50b8d2f6cb4ef   第8级
    v.移入( immigrate的现在分词 );移民
    参考例句:
    • I have to tie up loose ends before immigrating to America. 移民美国前,我先要处理手头上的一些琐事。 来自互联网
    • Marrying an American citizen is a guaranteed ticket to immigrating to America. 与美国公民结婚是移民美国最佳的门票。 来自互联网
    4 vice [vaɪs] NU0zQ   第7级
    n.坏事;恶习;[pl.]台钳,老虎钳;adj.副的
    参考例句:
    • He guarded himself against vice. 他避免染上坏习惯。
    • They are sunk in the depth of vice. 他们堕入了罪恶的深渊。
    5 enroll [ɪn'rəʊl] Pogxx   第7级
    vt.招收;登记;入学;参军;成为会员(英)enrol;vi.参加;登记;注册;记入名册
    参考例句:
    • I should like to enroll all my children in the swimming class. 我愿意让我的孩子们都参加游泳班。
    • They enroll him as a member of the club. 他们吸收他为俱乐部会员。
    6 enrolled [en'rəʊld] ff7af27948b380bff5d583359796d3c8   第8级
    adj.入学登记了的v.[亦作enrol]( enroll的过去式和过去分词 );登记,招收,使入伍(或入会、入学等),参加,成为成员;记入名册;卷起,包起
    参考例句:
    • They have been studying hard from the moment they enrolled. 从入学时起,他们就一直努力学习。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    • He enrolled with an employment agency for a teaching position. 他在职业介绍所登了记以谋求一个教师的职位。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    7 internship [ˈɪntɜ:nʃɪp] oqmzJB   第10级
    n.实习医师,实习医师期
    参考例句:
    • an internship at a television station 在电视台的实习期
    • a summer internship with a small stipend