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添加时间:2017-12-05 16:51:49 浏览次数: 作者:未知
  • 1. You're feeling tired

    1. 你感到很累

    "Stress has a physiological1 effect on your body, by releasing hormones3 into your bloodstream that accelerate your heart rate and breathing," explains Tim. "This strain on your system can have an exhausting effect, leaving you feeling tired all the time."


    To top it all off, stress can also make it harder to get a decent night's kip, because it activates4 a part of the brain responsible for sleep-wake regulation.


    2. You're eating too much... or too little, or unhealthily

    2. 你吃的太多或太少,或者吃的不健康

    If there's one thing that's sure to wreak5 havoc6 with the best of intentions, it's stress. One factor is that stressed people will often be short on time, and it's easy to reach for unhealthy foods.


    "People who are in a stressed state in the short term may lose their appetite. This is because part of the brain called the hypothalamus produces a hormone2 which suppresses appetite," says Tim. "But people who are stressed for a long period of time release cortisol, which increases your appetite - especially for sweet, starchy foods. This is where the term "stress-eating" comes from."


    3. You feel panicked

    3. 你感到恐慌

    There's another downside to these pesky stress hormones: an increased heart rate, coupled with shortness of breath, can lead to feelings of anxiety, or even a panic attack.


    "You may even hyperventilate as you struggle for breath," explains Tim. "Hyperventilation can usually be resolved by actively7 trying to slow your breathing."


    4. You're getting ill easily

    4. 你很容易生病

    Stress has some very real effects on our overall health, by suppressing the immune system. So, if you find you're catching8 colds easily, or can't shake them off, it may be because you have a reduced immune system.


    "When we're stressed, we release cortisol into our bloodstream, which blocks helpful hormones, so our immune system can begin to really suffer," says Tim.


    Never suffer in silence. Talk to your doctor to discuss options, and make sure you let your nearest and dearest know that you're struggling. In the meantime, there are a few things you can do to look after yourself...


     10级    美文 


    1 physiological [ˌfɪzɪə'lɒdʒɪkl] aAvyK   第7级
    • He bought a physiological book. 他买了一本生理学方面的书。
    • Every individual has a physiological requirement for each nutrient. 每个人对每种营养成分都有一种生理上的需要。
    2 hormone [ˈhɔ:məʊn] uyky3   第8级
    • Hormone implants are used as growth boosters. 激素植入物被用作生长辅助剂。
    • This hormone interacts closely with other hormones in the body. 这种荷尔蒙与体內其他荷尔蒙紧密地相互作用。
    3 hormones ['hɔ:məʊn] hormones   第8级
    n. 荷尔蒙,激素 名词hormone的复数形式
    • This hormone interacts closely with other hormones in the body. 这种荷尔蒙与体內其他荷尔蒙紧密地相互作用。
    • The adrenals produce a large per cent of a man's sex hormones. 肾上腺分泌人体的大部分性激素。
    4 activates [ˈæktiveits] 78ec2b8b23e0120508757d953f1013d1   第7级
    使活动,起动,触发( activate的第三人称单数 )
    • Activates the window and displays it in its current size and position. 激活窗口,保持当前的大小及位置不变。
    • Pulling out the alarm switch activates alarm and pushing it deactivates it. 闹钟的开和关是通过拔出和按入闹铃开关实现的。
    5 wreak [ri:k] RfYwC   第10级
    • She had a burning desire to wreak revenge. 她复仇心切。
    • Timid people always wreak their peevishness on the gentle. 怯懦的人总是把满腹牢骚向温和的人发泄。
    6 havoc [ˈhævək] 9eyxY   第8级
    • The earthquake wreaked havoc on the city. 地震对这个城市造成了大破坏。
    • This concentration of airborne firepower wrought havoc with the enemy forces. 这次机载火力的集中攻击给敌军造成很大破坏。
    7 actively ['æktɪvlɪ] lzezni   第9级
    • During this period all the students were actively participating. 在这节课中所有的学生都积极参加。
    • We are actively intervening to settle a quarrel. 我们正在积极调解争执。
    8 catching [ˈkætʃɪŋ] cwVztY   第8级
    • There are those who think eczema is catching. 有人就是认为湿疹会传染。
    • Enthusiasm is very catching. 热情非常富有感染力。

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