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战略卧室、早睡奖金……为了让员工多睡觉 日本企业也是操碎了心
添加时间:2019-01-10 14:56:12 浏览次数: 作者:未知
  • 日本是一个以加班和过劳死闻名的国度。近年来,日本企业为了让员工不加班、少熬夜,也是操碎了心。有公司推出专供员工在上班时间睡觉的卧室,还有公司给员工发放“早睡奖金”。这些措施真的能改变日本全民缺觉的现状吗?

    Imagine working for an employer who, aware that you’re probably not sleeping enough at night, allows you to down tools and nap as part of your regular work duties – and not just forty winks1 at your desk, but a restorative snooze in a quiet room.


    down tools: 罢工;静坐

    restorative: adj. 滋补的,有助于复元的;恢复健康的

    These are some of the measures being used by a growing number of companies in Japan to counter an epidemic2 of sleeplessness3 that costs its economy an estimated $138bn a year.


    Tech startups have been quickest to address the “sleep debt” among irritable4 and uNPRoductive employees.


    Last year, Nextbeat, an IT service provider, went as far as setting up two “strategic sleeping rooms” – one for men, the other for women – at its headquarters in Tokyo. The aroma-infused rooms feature devices that block out background noise, allowing workers to stretch out on sofas for an undisturbed kip. Mobile phones, tablets and laptops are banned.


    "Napping can do as much to improve someone’s efficiency as a balanced diet and exercise,” Emiko Sumikawa, a member of the Nextbeat board, told Kyodo news agency.


    Nextbeat also asks employees to leave work by 9 pm and to refrain from doing excessive overtime5, which has been blamed on a rising incidence of karoshi, or death from overwork.


    One company even offers financial incentives6 to persuade its employees to shun7 overtime and get to bed at a reasonable hour. Crazy, a wedding planning company, awards employees who sleep at least six hours a night with points that can then be exchanged for food in the company cafeteria. Using an app to monitor their sleep, workers can accumulate points worth as much as 64,000 yen8 a year.


    cafeteria: n. 自助餐厅

    Japanese workers have more reason than most to submit to the urge for a daytime snooze, whether at work or during long commutes9.


    A survey conducted using fitness trackers in 28 countries found that Japanese men and women sleep, on average, just 6 hours and 35 minutes a night – 45 minutes less than the international average – making them the most sleep deprived of all.


    Finnish women, by contrast, sleep almost an hour longer, with an average of 7.45 hours. Estonians, Canadians, Belgians, Austrians, as well as the Dutch and French, all get a comparatively decent night’s sleep, according to the survey.


    A separate poll by the health products maker10 Fuji Ryoki found that 92.6% of Japanese over the age of 20 said they were not getting enough sleep.


    Even weary workers whose employers have yet to officially sanction power naps at least know that resting their head on their desk for a few minutes probably won’t get them into trouble. Companies generally tolerate inemuri – or “sleeping while present” – as a demonstration11 of their employees’ commitment rather than as a sign of sloth12, although nappers should generally remain seated and avoid appearing too comfortable.


    sloth: n. 怠惰,懒惰

    The government has also come to appreciate the personal and professional benefits of a well-rested workforce13, with the health ministry14 recommending that all working-age people take a nap of up to 30 minutes in the early afternoon – advice readily embraced by some of the country’s politicians.


    readily: adv. 容易地;乐意地;无困难地

     10级    双语 


    1 winks [wiŋks] 1dd82fc4464d9ba6c78757a872e12679   第7级
    v.使眼色( wink的第三人称单数 );递眼色(表示友好或高兴等);(指光)闪烁;闪亮
    • I'll feel much better when I've had forty winks. 我打个盹就会感到好得多。
    • The planes were little silver winks way out to the west. 飞机在西边老远的地方,看上去只是些很小的银色光点。 来自辞典例句
    2 epidemic [ˌepɪˈdemɪk] 5iTzz   第7级
    • That kind of epidemic disease has long been stamped out. 那种传染病早已绝迹。
    • The authorities tried to localise the epidemic. 当局试图把流行病限制在局部范围。
    3 sleeplessness ['sli:pləsnəs] niXzGe   第7级
    • Modern pharmacy has solved the problem of sleeplessness. 现代制药学已经解决了失眠问题。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    • The doctors were puzzled by this strange continuous sleeplessness. 医生们对他的奇异的不眠感到疑惑。 来自英语晨读30分(高三)
    4 irritable [ˈɪrɪtəbl] LRuzn   第9级
    • He gets irritable when he's got toothache. 他牙一疼就很容易发脾气。
    • Our teacher is an irritable old lady. She gets angry easily. 我们的老师是位脾气急躁的老太太。她很容易生气。
    5 overtime [ˈəʊvətaɪm] aKqxn   第7级
    • They are working overtime to finish the work. 为了完成任务他们正在加班加点地工作。
    • He was paid for the overtime he worked. 他领到了加班费。
    6 incentives [ɪn'sentɪvz] 884481806a10ef3017726acf079e8fa7   第7级
    激励某人做某事的事物( incentive的名词复数 ); 刺激; 诱因; 动机
    • tax incentives to encourage savings 鼓励储蓄的税收措施
    • Furthermore, subsidies provide incentives only for investments in equipment. 更有甚者,提供津贴仅是为鼓励增添设备的投资。 来自英汉非文学 - 环境法 - 环境法
    7 shun [ʃʌn] 6EIzc   第8级
    • Materialists face truth, whereas idealists shun it. 唯物主义者面向真理,唯心主义者则逃避真理。
    • This extremist organization has shunned conventional politics. 这个极端主义组织有意避开了传统政治。
    8 yen [jen] JfSwN   第11级
    n. 日元;热望
    • He wanted to convert his dollars into Japanese yen. 他想将美元换成日币。
    • He has a yen to be alone in a boat. 他渴望独自呆在一条船上。
    9 commutes [kəˈmju:ts] 3547de72fa26e075391aeef6adf7f98a   第7级
    上下班路程( commute的名词复数 )
    • She commutes from Oxford to London every day. 她每天上下班往返于牛津与伦敦之间。
    • Barbara lives in Oxford and commutes. 芭芭拉住在牛津,通勤往来。
    10 maker [ˈmeɪkə(r)] DALxN   第8级
    • He is a trouble maker. You must be distant with him. 他是个捣蛋鬼,你不要跟他在一起。
    • A cabinet maker must be a master craftsman. 家具木工必须是技艺高超的手艺人。
    11 demonstration [ˌdemənˈstreɪʃn] 9waxo   第8级
    • His new book is a demonstration of his patriotism. 他写的新书是他的爱国精神的证明。
    • He gave a demonstration of the new technique then and there. 他当场表演了这种新的操作方法。
    12 sloth [sləʊθ] 4ELzP   第10级
    • Absence of competition makes for sloth. 没有竞争会导致懒惰。
    • The sloth spends most of its time hanging upside down from the branches. 大部分时间里树懒都是倒挂在树枝上。
    13 workforce [ˈwɜ:kfɔ:s] workforce   第8级
    • A large part of the workforce is employed in agriculture. 劳动人口中一大部分受雇于农业。
    • A quarter of the local workforce is unemployed. 本地劳动力中有四分之一失业。
    14 ministry [ˈmɪnɪstri] kD5x2   第7级
    • They sent a deputation to the ministry to complain. 他们派了一个代表团到部里投诉。
    • We probed the Air Ministry statements. 我们调查了空军部的报告。

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