轻松背单词新浪微博 轻松背单词腾讯微博
当前位置:首页 -> 11级英语阅读 - > 双语散文:天空的颜色
添加时间:2019-03-12 09:20:30 浏览次数: 作者:未知
  • 双语散文:天空的颜色

    If we look at the sky on a perfectly1 fine summer's day we shall find that the blue colour is the most pure and intense overhead,and when looking high up in a direction opposite to the sun。


    Near the horizon it is always less bright,while in the region immediately around the sun it is more or less yellow. The reason of this is that near the horizon we look through a very great thickness of the lower atmosphere,which is full of the larger dust particles reflecting white light,and this diluter2 the pure blue of the higher atmosphere seen beyond,and in the vicinity of the sun a good deal of the blue light is reflected back into space by the finer dust,thus giving a yellowish tinge3 to that which reaches us reflected chiefly from the coarse dust of the lower atmosphere。

    靠近天边,色彩往往较暗淡,太阳周围的地方则略呈黄色。这是因为我们向天边望去时,目光要穿过极厚的低空大气层,其中布满颗粒较大的尘埃,反射出白光,这就冲淡了天际高空大气层的纯蓝色。在太阳附近,大 量蓝光则由细微的尘埃反射回太空。这样,主要由低空大气层的粗粒尘埃反射到地面的光线,便带有浅黄色。

    At sunset and sunrise,however,this last effect is greatly intensified,owing to the great thickness of the strata4 of air through which the light reaches us. The enormous amount of this dust is well shown by the fact that then only we can look full at the sun,even when the whole sky is free from clouds and there is no apparent mist。


    But the sun's rays then reach us after having passed,first,through an enormous thickness of the higher strata of the air,the minute dust of which reflects most of the higher strata of the air,the minute dust of which reflects most of the blue rays away from us,leaving the complementary yellow light to pass on,Then,the somewhat coarser dust reflects the green rays,leaving a more orange-coloured light to pass on;and finally some of the yellow is reflected,leaving almost pure red。


    But owing to the constant presence of air currents,arranging both the dust and vapor5 in strata of varying extent and density,and of high or low clouds which both absorb and reflect the light in varying degrees,we see produced all those wondrous6 combinations of tints7 and those gorgeous ever-changing colours which are a constant source of admiration8 and delight to all who have the advantage of an uninterrupted view to the west and who are accustomed to watch for those not infrequent exhibitions of nature's kaleidoscopic9 colour painting。

    不过,由于不断出现气流,把法埃与水汽分层排列,广度不均,密度各异,加上高低空常有云层,不同程度地吸收并反射阳光,我们这才看到各种奇异的色调斑剥陆离,诸多绚丽的色彩变化万千;任何人只要有幸将西方的景致一览 无余,只要有心观看大自然不时展现的那一幅幅瞬息万变的彩画,都会为之赞不绝口,喜不自胜。

    With every change in the altitude of the sun the display changes its character;and most of all when it has sunk below the horizon,and owing to the more favourable10 angles a larger quantity of the coloured light is reflected toward us. Especially when there is a certain amount of cloud is this the case。


    These,so long as the sun was above the horizon,intercepted much of the light and colour,but when the great luminary11 has passed away from our direct vision,his light shines more directly on the under sides of all the clouds and air strata of different densities;a new and more brilliant light flushes the western sky,and a display of gorgeous ever-changing tints occurs which are at once the delight of the beholder12 and the despair of the artist. And all this unsurpassable glory we owe to——dust!


     11级    双语 


    1 perfectly [ˈpɜ:fɪktli] 8Mzxb   第8级
    • The witnesses were each perfectly certain of what they said. 证人们个个对自己所说的话十分肯定。
    • Everything that we're doing is all perfectly above board. 我们做的每件事情都是光明正大的。
    2 diluter [daɪl'ju:tə] f987b80bf97f995b145c93783209c9bc   第7级
    • Development and application of a diluter for low-level heat recovery in sulphuric acid plants are described. 介绍硫酸装置低温热回收系统中稀释器的开发与应用。
    3 tinge [tɪndʒ] 8q9yO   第9级
    • The maple leaves are tinge with autumn red. 枫叶染上了秋天的红色。
    • There was a tinge of sadness in her voice. 她声音中流露出一丝忧伤。
    4 strata [ˈstrɑ:tə] GUVzv   第12级
    • The older strata gradually disintegrate. 较老的岩层渐渐风化。
    • They represent all social strata. 他们代表各个社会阶层。
    5 vapor ['veɪpə] DHJy2   第7级
    • The cold wind condenses vapor into rain. 冷风使水蒸气凝结成雨。
    • This new machine sometimes transpires a lot of hot vapor. 这部机器有时排出大量的热气。
    6 wondrous [ˈwʌndrəs] pfIyt   第12级
    • The internal structure of the Department is wondrous to behold. 看一下国务院的内部结构是很有意思的。
    • We were driven across this wondrous vast land of lakes and forests. 我们乘车穿越这片有着湖泊及森林的广袤而神奇的土地。
    7 tints [tɪnts] 41fd51b51cf127789864a36f50ef24bf   第9级
    色彩( tint的名词复数 ); 带白的颜色; (淡色)染发剂; 痕迹
    • leaves with red and gold autumn tints 金秋时节略呈红黄色的树叶
    • The whole countryside glowed with autumn tints. 乡间处处呈现出灿烂的秋色。
    8 admiration [ˌædməˈreɪʃn] afpyA   第8级
    • He was lost in admiration of the beauty of the scene. 他对风景之美赞不绝口。
    • We have a great admiration for the gold medalists. 我们对金牌获得者极为敬佩。
    9 kaleidoscopic [kəˌlaɪdə'skɒpɪk] M3MxR   第12级
    • London is a kaleidoscopic world. 伦敦是个天花筒般的世界。
    • The transfer of administrative personnel in that colony was so frequent as to create kaleidoscopic effect. 在那个殖民地,官员调动频繁,就象走马灯似的。
    10 favourable [ˈfeɪvərəbl] favourable   第8级
    • The company will lend you money on very favourable terms. 这家公司将以非常优惠的条件借钱给你。
    • We found that most people are favourable to the idea. 我们发现大多数人同意这个意见。
    11 luminary [ˈlu:mɪnəri] Hwtyv   第11级
    • That luminary gazed earnestly at some papers before him. 那个大佬在用心细看面前的报纸。
    • Now that a new light shone upon the horizon, this older luminary paled in the west. 现在东方地平线上升起了一轮朝阳,这弯残月就在西边天际失去了光泽。
    12 beholder [bɪˈhəʊldə(r)] 8y9zKl   第10级
    • Beauty is in the eye of the beholder. 看起来觉得美就是美。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    • It has been said that art is a tryst, for in the joy of it maker and beholder meet. 有人说艺术是一种幽会,因为艺术家和欣赏者可在幽会的乐趣中相遇在一起。 来自《简明英汉词典》

    文章评论 共有评论 0查看全部