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添加时间:2020-01-15 16:18:53 浏览次数: 作者:未知
  • A trip to the theater, museum or art gallery could help you live longer. And the more often you get that culture fix the better, a new study suggests.


    Researchers from University College London (UCL) found that people who engaged in the arts more frequently -- every few months or more -- had a 31% lower risk of dying early when compared to those who didn't. Even going to the theater or museum once or twice a year was linked with a 14% lower risk.


    They looked at data given by more than 6,000 adults in England age 50 years and older, who were taking part in a wider study on aging.


    "While other health behaviors like smoking, alcohol and exercise are undoubtedly1 bigger predictors of mortality, these leisure and pleasure activities that people don't think as a health related activity do support good health and longevity," said Daisy Fancourt, an associate professor at UCL's Research Department of Behavioural Science and Health.


    How often an individual engaged in art activities, which also included exhibitions, concerts and opera but not cinema, was measured at the start of the study in 2004 to 2005. Participants were then followed up for an average of 12 years, during which time deaths were recorded using data from the UK's National Health Service (NHS.)在2004年至2005年研究开始时,研究人员统计了每位受访者参加艺术活动(包括展览、音乐会和歌剧,但不包括电影)的频率。随后,研究人员对受访者进行了平均12年的跟踪调查,在此期间,他们使用英国国民健康服务体系的数据记录了受访者的死亡情况。

    The study looked at a range of economic, health and social factors to try and explain why there is a link between "arts engagement" and living longer, although as an observational study it can't establish cause. Part of the reason, the study said, comes down to social and economic differences among those who go and don't go to museums, exhibitions and art galleries.


    Wealth, they found, explained about 9% of the association. Cognitive2 differences, social and civic3 engagement, mental health, mobility4 and deprivation5 also played a role. Things like free time and occupational status made no material difference, said Fancourt.


    "Part of the association is attributable to differences in socioeconomic status among those who do and do not engage in the arts," the study said.


    Fancourt said that engaging with the arts can act as a buffer6 against stress and build creativity that allows people to adapt to changing circumstances. It also helps people build social capital -- accessing emotional support and information that helps people age more successfully.


    "We also thought that a greater sense of purpose could play a role," she said. "If this (study) is added to the larger body of evidence, we are getting an increasingly rich picture on how arts can benefit health and it's not about one single outcome. It can have wide ranging benefits and support healthier lives lived longer."她说:“我们还认为,更强烈的目标感可能会发挥作用。如果把这项研究加入到更广泛的证据中,我们就会越来越多地了解到艺术如何有益于健康,而这不仅仅是一个单一的结果。它可以有广泛的好处,帮助人们健康长寿。”

    This study did not look at the effects of taking part in art-related activities but a World Health Organization review of available evidence published last year found that both receptive participation7, like visiting a museum, and active participation, like singing in a choir8, had health benefits.


    An editorial that accompanied the paper said that everyone should have the chance to take part in cultural activities and said the study added weight to growing concerns about the decline in arts subjects in schools and universities.


    "Clinicians who read the paper might recognize the value of the arts, but will also wonder how engagement with culture and the arts could influence longevity," the editorial said.


     8级    双语 


    1 undoubtedly [ʌn'daʊtɪdlɪ] Mfjz6l   第7级
    • It is undoubtedly she who has said that. 这话明明是她说的。
    • He is undoubtedly the pride of China. 毫无疑问他是中国的骄傲。
    2 cognitive [ˈkɒgnətɪv] Uqwz0   第7级
    • As children grow older, their cognitive processes become sharper. 孩子们越长越大,他们的认知过程变得更为敏锐。
    • The cognitive psychologist is like the tinker who wants to know how a clock works. 认知心理学者倒很像一个需要通晓钟表如何运转的钟表修理匠。
    3 civic [ˈsɪvɪk] Fqczn   第8级
    • I feel it is my civic duty to vote. 我认为投票选举是我作为公民的义务。
    • The civic leaders helped to forward the project. 市政府领导者协助促进工程的进展。
    4 mobility [məʊˈbɪləti] H6rzu   第8级
    • The difference in regional house prices acts as an obstacle to mobility of labour. 不同地区房价的差异阻碍了劳动力的流动。
    • Mobility is very important in guerrilla warfare. 机动性在游击战中至关重要。
    5 deprivation [ˌdeprɪˈveɪʃn] e9Uy7   第9级
    • Many studies make it clear that sleep deprivation is dangerous. 许多实验都证实了睡眠被剥夺是危险的。
    • Missing the holiday was a great deprivation. 错过假日是极大的损失。
    6 buffer [ˈbʌfə(r)] IxYz0B   第7级
    • A little money can be a useful buffer in time of need. 在急需时,很少一点钱就能解燃眉之急。
    • Romantic love will buffer you against life's hardships. 浪漫的爱会减轻生活的艰辛。
    7 participation [pɑ:ˌtɪsɪˈpeɪʃn] KS9zu   第8级
    • Some of the magic tricks called for audience participation. 有些魔术要求有观众的参与。
    • The scheme aims to encourage increased participation in sporting activities. 这个方案旨在鼓励大众更多地参与体育活动。
    8 choir [ˈkwaɪə(r)] sX0z5   第8级
    • The choir sang the words out with great vigor. 合唱团以极大的热情唱出了歌词。
    • The church choir is singing tonight. 今晚教堂歌唱队要唱诗。

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