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添加时间:2020-09-09 08:33:35 浏览次数: 作者:未知
  • ruggling to make ends meet, Lorraine Imperio swapped2 a pair of Nike slip-on shoes for a whole dressed chicken on an online bartering4 site, one of dozens that have sprouted5 up during the Philippines' virus lockdowns.


    With millions stripped of their jobs and many forced to stay home to slow the coronavirus spread, Filipinos have flocked to Facebook groups to exchange their possessions, including kitchen appliances, children's toys and designer handbags -- mostly for food.


    "It's so difficult nowadays. You don't know where you'll get the money to settle the bills for groceries," said Imperio, a mother of two whose husband works part-time at a doughnut shop in Manila.


    His hours have been slashed6 because of the pandemic and he now only earns about 9,000 pesos a month, half of which is used to pay the rent for the family's apartment.


    Online bartering groups have provided a lifeline to the Imperios and other Filipinos hit hard by the country's months-long virus restrictions7 that started in March and have sent the economy plunging8 into a deep recession.


    At least 98 groups, some with tens of thousands of members, are operating across the archipelago, according to an AFP tally9.


    Nearly all of them started during the pandemic as many Filipinos resorted to the ancient trading practice to feed their families.


    Google search volume in the Philippines for the keywords "barter3 food" soared 300 percent in May from April, iPrice Group found in a recent study, as lockdowns squeezed household budgets and made travelling about difficult.

    网购数据分析网站iPrice Group近日通过调查发现,在菲律宾,谷歌搜索关键词“易货食品”的搜索量5月份比4月份增长了300%,原因是封锁令家庭预算吃紧,出行困难。

    Its analysis of 85 popular Facebook barter groups, with more than two million members in total, found food and other groceries were among the most sought-after items.


    People post photos and specifications10 of the goods they want to swap1, indicate what they want in return and then negotiate via the comments section.


    After successfully bartering baby bottles that she no longer needed, Imperio swapped a baby's down jacket and a Ralph Lauren hoodie for six kilogrammes of rice.


    While the Nike slip-on shoes were traded for a chicken, a second pair has not had any takers after three weeks.


    "Old items are more difficult to sell," the 28-year-old said. "With bartering, it's easier to convert them into food."28岁的因佩里奥说:“旧物品更难卖。通过物物交换,更容易用旧货换食物。”

    Jocelle Batapa Sigue launched Bacolod Barter Community four months ago out of frustration11 at not being able to go shopping and a desire to help others.


    Her husband held the family's only quarantine travel pass, which people were required to carry when they left their homes during the lockdown.


    "It's difficult for me to get what I want when I tell my husband to buy it," said Sigue, who is a lawyer in the central city of Bacolod.


    The group has more than 230,000 members with more joining every day, she said.


    Sigue estimates thousands of items -- from shampoo and birthday cakes to mobile phones and eyeliner -- change hands on her site daily.


    "Without the pandemic, I don't think the barter community would be popular," she said.


    An estimated 5.2 million Filipino families had experienced "hunger due to lack of food to eat" at least once in the previous three months -- the highest in nearly six years, a survey in early July by pollster Social Weather Stations showed.


    But it is not just cash-strapped people bartering their belongings12.


    Others are taking the chance to dispose of goods they no longer need after quarantine measures upended normal life.


    Chona de Vega, 57, traded her hair-straighter and electric kettle for a bag of groceries and now plans to dispose of her iron.


    "I have no use for it," said de Vega, who lives in Manila and spends most of her time at home because of travel restrictions.


    Charles Ramirez, who runs a 14,000-member bartering site in the capital, said a "big percentage" of his group live in poverty and mostly ask for groceries.


    "People are realising that while they have no money, they have accumulated a lot of material things (they can swap)," said Ramirez, who set up his group in May after losing his job as a grocery wholesaler13.


    "It's a depressing feeling, of course, having to let go of things you have accumulated just to be able to survive."“当然,这是一种令人沮丧的感觉,为了生存而不得不放弃你攒下来的东西。”

     9级    双语 


    1 swap [swɒp] crnwE   第8级
    • I will swap you my bicycle for your radio. 我想拿我的自行车换你的收音机。
    • This comic was a swap that I got from Nick. 这本漫画书是我从尼克那里换来的。
    2 swapped [s'wɒpt] 3982604ac592befc46570aef4e827102   第8级
    交换(工作)( swap的过去式和过去分词 ); 用…替换,把…换成,掉换(过来)
    • I liked her coat and she liked mine, so we swapped. 我喜欢她的外套,她喜欢我的外套,于是我们就交换了。
    • At half-time the manager swapped some of the players around. 经理在半场时把几名队员换下了场。
    3 barter [ˈbɑ:tə(r)] bu2zJ   第8级
    • Chickens, goats and rabbits were offered for barter at the bazaar. 在集市上,鸡、山羊和兔子被摆出来作物物交换之用。
    • They have arranged food imports on a barter basis. 他们以易货贸易的方式安排食品进口。
    4 bartering [ˈbɑ:tərɪŋ] 3fff2715ce56641ff7589f77e406ee4c   第8级
    v.作物物交换,以货换货( barter的现在分词 )
    • Parliament would be touchy about bartering British soil for ships. 用英国国土换取舰只,议会感到为难。 来自辞典例句
    • In former times trade was based on bartering--goods were exchanged for other goods. 以前,贸易是以易货(即货物交换)的方式进行的。 来自辞典例句
    5 sprouted [sprɑʊtɪd] 6e3d9efcbfe061af8882b5b12fd52864   第7级
    v.发芽( sprout的过去式和过去分词 );抽芽;出现;(使)涌现出
    • We can't use these potatoes; they've all sprouted. 这些土豆儿不能吃了,都出芽了。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    • The rice seeds have sprouted. 稻种已经出芽了。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
    6 slashed [slæʃt] 8ff3ba5a4258d9c9f9590cbbb804f2db   第7级
    v.挥砍( slash的过去式和过去分词 );鞭打;割破;削减
    • Someone had slashed the tyres on my car. 有人把我的汽车轮胎割破了。
    • He slashed the bark off the tree with his knife. 他用刀把树皮从树上砍下。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    7 restrictions [rɪˈstrɪkʃənz] 81e12dac658cfd4c590486dd6f7523cf   第8级
    约束( restriction的名词复数 ); 管制; 制约因素; 带限制性的条件(或规则)
    • I found the restrictions irksome. 我对那些限制感到很烦。
    • a snaggle of restrictions 杂乱无章的种种限制
    8 plunging [ˈplʌndʒɪŋ] 5fe12477bea00d74cd494313d62da074   第7级
    adj.跳进的,突进的v.颠簸( plunge的现在分词 );暴跌;骤降;突降
    • War broke out again, plunging the people into misery and suffering. 战祸复发,生灵涂炭。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
    • He is plunging into an abyss of despair. 他陷入了绝望的深渊。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    9 tally [ˈtæli] Gg1yq   第9级
    • Don't forget to keep a careful tally of what you spend. 别忘了仔细记下你的开支账目。
    • The facts mentioned in the report tally to every detail. 报告中所提到的事实都丝毫不差。
    10 specifications [spesɪfɪ'keɪʃnz] f3453ce44685398a83b7fe3902d2b90c   第7级
    n.规格;载明;详述;(产品等的)说明书;说明书( specification的名词复数 );详细的计划书;载明;详述
    • Our work must answer the specifications laid down. 我们的工作应符合所定的规范。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    • This sketch does not conform with the specifications. 图文不符。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
    11 frustration [frʌˈstreɪʃn] 4hTxj   第8级
    • He had to fight back tears of frustration. 他不得不强忍住失意的泪水。
    • He beat his hands on the steering wheel in frustration. 他沮丧地用手打了几下方向盘。
    12 belongings [bɪˈlɒŋɪŋz] oy6zMv   第8级
    • I put a few personal belongings in a bag. 我把几件私人物品装进包中。
    • Your personal belongings are not dutiable. 个人物品不用纳税。
    13 wholesaler ['həʊlseɪlə(r)] 6e9z3h   第8级
    • We're the largest furniture wholesaler in Illinois. 我们是伊利诺伊州最大的家具批发商。 来自辞典例句
    • These are used to create profiles for each wholesaler. 这是他日常的工作或通过与批发商的正式会谈。 来自互联网

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