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添加时间:2021-05-26 11:18:19 浏览次数: 作者:未知
  • Aging population a trend that is both challenge,opportunity人口老龄化既是挑战也是机遇

    The central authorities have unveiled the firstcomprehensive document guiding thegovernments of various levels to cope with challengesof one of the largest and fastest aging populations inthe world. Beijing News comments:


    It is predicted that by 2035, the number of people above 60 years old will account for morethan one-fourth of the country's population, which is already the case in some big cities, andthe proportion will surge to more than one-third by 2050.


    International experience shows that it is the social security and public service system thatbears the brunt of an aging population, although the demographic change also takes its tollon social vitality1, innovation and growth.


    But if policymakers incorporate the trend into their social management and nationaldevelopment policy portfolios2 and take sufficient and effective preemptive measures, theaging population will not necessarily become a problem.


    As the experience of many developed economies shows, it is essential that the countrytransforms its growth model from one driven by production elements to one driven byinnovation before the coming of the aging society, so as to minimize the impact of the lossof labor on the economy.


    So while increasing the social investment and inputs3 for the elderly, improving elder care andretirement services and enhancing legal and social protections, the government must alsobuild a high quality work force and introduce advanced and innovative4 technologies toimprove productivity.


    The plan therefore provides a guideline for local governments to change their perspective sothat rather than seeing senior citizens as simply a financial burden they should view them asmotivation for providing high-quality services and a better social environment. Treating theelderly well is a traditional virtue5 of the Chinese nation, and building a policy system forpensions, filial piety6, respect for the elderly and a healthy social environment is also a must.


    Therefore, the aging of the population itself is not a problem. It is an important trendshowing the country's social development.


     9级    双语 
     单词标签: vitality  portfolios  inputs  innovative  virtue  piety 


    1 vitality [vaɪˈtæləti] lhAw8   第8级
    • He came back from his holiday bursting with vitality and good health. 他度假归来之后,身强体壮,充满活力。
    • He is an ambitious young man full of enthusiasm and vitality. 他是个充满热情与活力的有远大抱负的青年。
    2 portfolios [pɔ:tˈfəʊli:ˌəʊz] e8f0c85d58b4bbb32ca8f22222a8ee54   第9级
    n.投资组合( portfolio的名词复数 );(保险)业务量;(公司或机构提供的)系列产品;纸夹
    • Price risk arises in non-trading portfolios, as well as in trading portfolios. 价格风险中出现的非贸易投资,以及在贸易投资组合。 来自互联网
    • How do we fatten our portfolios and stay financially healthy? 我们怎样育肥我们的投资结构和维持财政健康呢? 来自互联网
    3 inputs ['ɪnpʊts] a8aff967e1649a1c82ea607c881e8091   第7级
    n.输入( input的名词复数 );投入;输入端;输入的数据v.把…输入电脑( input的第三人称单数 )
    • Uncheck the inputs checked for optimization in the previous stage. 不测试那些已经测试过的优化了的以前步骤的inputs.(变量参数)。 来自互联网
    • Just in case, save in a file the inputs obtained at the previous stage. 以防万一,保存以前步骤获得的inputs(变量参数值)到一个文件中去。 来自互联网
    4 innovative [ˈɪnəveɪtɪv] D6Vxq   第8级
    • Discover an innovative way of marketing. 发现一个创新的营销方式。
    • He was one of the most creative and innovative engineers of his generation. 他是他那代人当中最富创造性与革新精神的工程师之一。
    5 virtue [ˈvɜ:tʃu:] BpqyH   第7级
    • He was considered to be a paragon of virtue. 他被认为是品德尽善尽美的典范。
    • You need to decorate your mind with virtue. 你应该用德行美化心灵。
    6 piety [ˈpaɪəti] muuy3   第10级
    • They were drawn to the church not by piety but by curiosity. 他们去教堂不是出于虔诚而是出于好奇。
    • Experience makes us see an enormous difference between piety and goodness. 经验使我们看到虔诚与善意之间有着巨大的区别。

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