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格林童话英文版:The Three Snake-Leaves
添加时间:2014-03-06 14:33:06 浏览次数: 作者:Grimms
  • There was once on a time a poor man, who could no longer support his only son. Then said the son, dear father, things go so badly with us that I am a burden to you. I would rather go away and see how I can earn my bread. So the father gave him his blessing1, and with great sorrow took leave of him. At this time the king of a mighty2 empire was at war and the youth took service with him, and went out to fight. And when he came before the enemy, there was a battle, and great danger, and it rained shot until his comrades fell on all sides, and when the leader also was killed, those left were about to take flight, but the youth stepped forth3, spoke4 boldly to them, and cried, we will not let our father-land be ruined. Then the others followed him, and he pressed on and conquered the enemy. When the king heard that he owed the victory to him alone, he raised him above all the others, gave him great treasures, and made him the first in the kingdom.

    The king had a daughter who was very beautiful, but she was also very strange. She had made a vow5 to take no one as her lord and husband who did not promise to let himself be buried alive with her if she died first. If he loves me with all his heart, said she, of what use will life be to him afterwards. On her side she would do the same, and if he died first, would go down to the grave with him. This strange oath had up to this time frightened away all wooers, but the youth became so charmed with her beauty that he cared for nothing, but asked her father for her. But do you know what you must promise, said the king. I must be buried with her, he replied, if I outlive her, but my love is so great that I do not mind the danger. Then the king consented, and the wedding was solemnized with great splendor6.

    They lived now for a while happy and contented7 with each other, and then it befell that the young queen was attacked by a severe illness, and no physician could save her. And as she lay there dead, the young king remembered what he had been obliged to promise, and was horrified8 at having to lie down alive in the grave, but there was no escape. The king had placed sentries9 at all the gates, and it was not possible to avoid his fate. As the day came when the corpse10 was to be buried, he was taken down with it into the royal vault11 and then the door was shut and bolted.

    Near the coffin12 stood a table on which were four candles, four loaves of bread, and four bottles of wine, and when this provision came to an end, he would have to die of hunger. And now he sat there full of pain and grief, ate every day only a little piece of bread, drank only a mouthful of wine, and nevertheless saw death daily drawing nearer. Whilst he thus gazed before him, he saw a snake creep out of a corner of the vault and approach the dead body. And as he thought it came to gnaw13 at it, he drew his sword and said, as long as I live, you shall not touch her, and hewed14 the snake in three pieces. After a time a second snake crept out of the hole, and when it saw the other lying dead and cut in pieces, it went back, but soon came again with three green leaves in its mouth. Then it took the three pieces of the snake, laid them together, as they fitted, and placed one of the leaves on each wound. Immediately the severed15 parts joined themselves together, the snake moved, and became alive again, and both of them hastened away together. The leaves were left lying on the ground, and a desire came into the mind of the unhappy man who had been watching all this, to know if the wondrous16 power of the leaves which had brought the snake to life again, could not likewise be of service to a human being.

    So he picked up the leaves and laid one of them on the mouth of his dead wife, and the two others on her eyes. And hardly had he done this than the blood stirred in her veins17, rose into her pale face, and colored it again. Then she drew breath, opened her eyes, and said, ah, God, where am I. You are with me, dear wife, he answered, and told her how everything had happened, and how he had brought her back again to life. Then he gave her some wine and bread, and when she had regained18 her strength, he raised her up and they went to the door and knocked, and called so loudly that the sentries heard it, and told the king. The king came down himself and opened the door, and there he found both strong and well, and rejoiced with them that now all sorrow was over. The young king, however, took the three snake-leaves with him, gave them to a servant and said, keep them for me carefully, and carry them constantly about you. Who knows in what trouble they may yet be of service to us.

    But a change had taken place in his wife. After she had been restored to life, it seemed as if all love for her husband had gone out of her heart. After some time, when he wanted to make a voyage over the sea, to visit his old father, and they had gone on board a ship, she forgot the great love and fidelity19 which he had shown her, and which had been the means of rescuing her from death, and conceived a wicked inclination20 for the skipper. And once when the young king lay there asleep, she called in the skipper and seized the sleeper21 by the head, and the skipper took him by the feet, and thus they threw him down into the sea. When the shameful22 deed was done, she said, now let us return home, and say that he died on the way. I will extol23 and praise you so to my father that he will marry me to you, and make you the heir to his crown. But the faithful servant who had seen all that they did, unseen by them, unfastened a little boat from the ship, got into it, sailed after his master, and let the traitors24 go on their way. He fished up the dead body, and by the help of the three snake-leaves which he carried about with him, and laid on the eyes and mouth, he fortunately brought the young king back to life.

    They both rowed with all their strength day and night, and their little boat sailed so swiftly that they reached the old king before the others. He was astonished when he saw them come alone, and asked what had happened to them. When he learnt the wickedness of his daughter he said, I cannot believe that she has behaved so ill, but the truth will soon come to light, and bade both go into a secret chamber25 and keep themselves hidden from everyone. Soon afterwards the great ship came sailing in, and the godless woman appeared before her father with a troubled countenance26. He said, why do you come back alone. Where is your husband. Ah, dear father, she replied, I come home again in great grief. During the voyage, my husband became suddenly ill and died, and if the good skipper had not given me his help, it would have gone ill with me. He was present at his death, and can tell you all. The king said, I will make the dead alive again, and opened the chamber, and bade the two come out. When the woman saw her husband, she was thunderstruck, and fell on her knees and begged for mercy.

    The king said, there is no mercy. He was ready to die with you and restored you to life again, but you have murdered him in his sleep, and shall receive the reward that you deserve. Then she was placed with her accomplice27 in a ship which had been pierced with holes, and sent out to sea, where they soon sank amid the waves.


    1 blessing [ˈblesɪŋ] UxDztJ   第7级
    • The blessing was said in Hebrew. 祷告用了希伯来语。
    • A double blessing has descended upon the house. 双喜临门。
    2 mighty [ˈmaɪti] YDWxl   第7级
    • A mighty force was about to break loose. 一股巨大的力量即将迸发而出。
    • The mighty iceberg came into view. 巨大的冰山出现在眼前。
    3 forth [fɔ:θ] Hzdz2   第7级
    • The wind moved the trees gently back and forth. 风吹得树轻轻地来回摇晃。
    • He gave forth a series of works in rapid succession. 他很快连续发表了一系列的作品。
    4 spoke [spəʊk] XryyC   第11级
    n.(车轮的)辐条;轮辐;破坏某人的计划;阻挠某人的行动 v.讲,谈(speak的过去式);说;演说;从某种观点来说
    • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company. 他们的轮辐螺帽是从我们公司获得的。
    • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre. 辐条是轮子上连接外圈与中心的条棒。
    5 vow [vaʊ] 0h9wL   第7级
    • My parents are under a vow to go to church every Sunday. 我父母许愿,每星期日都去做礼拜。
    • I am under a vow to drink no wine. 我已立誓戒酒。
    6 splendor ['splendə] hriy0   第10级
    • Never in his life had he gazed on such splendor. 他生平从没有见过如此辉煌壮丽的场面。
    • All the splendor in the world is not worth a good friend. 人世间所有的荣华富贵不如一个好朋友。
    7 contented [kənˈtentɪd] Gvxzof   第8级
    • He won't be contented until he's upset everyone in the office. 不把办公室里的每个人弄得心烦意乱他就不会满足。
    • The people are making a good living and are contented, each in his station. 人民安居乐业。
    8 horrified ['hɔrifaid] 8rUzZU   第8级
    • The whole country was horrified by the killings. 全国都对这些凶杀案感到大为震惊。
    • We were horrified at the conditions prevailing in local prisons. 地方监狱的普遍状况让我们震惊。
    9 sentries [ˈsentriz] abf2b0a58d9af441f9cfde2e380ae112   第10级
    哨兵,步兵( sentry的名词复数 )
    • We posted sentries at the gates of the camp. 我们在军营的大门口布置哨兵。
    • We were guarded by sentries against surprise attack. 我们由哨兵守卫,以免遭受突袭。
    10 corpse [kɔ:ps] JYiz4   第7级
    • What she saw was just an unfeeling corpse. 她见到的只是一具全无感觉的尸体。
    • The corpse was preserved from decay by embalming. 尸体用香料涂抹以防腐烂。
    11 vault [vɔ:lt] 3K3zW   第8级
    • The vault of this cathedral is very high. 这座天主教堂的拱顶非常高。
    • The old patrician was buried in the family vault. 这位老贵族埋在家族的墓地里。
    12 coffin [ˈkɒfɪn] XWRy7   第8级
    • When one's coffin is covered, all discussion about him can be settled. 盖棺论定。
    • The coffin was placed in the grave. 那口棺材已安放到坟墓里去了。
    13 gnaw [nɔ:] E6kyH   第9级
    • Dogs like to gnaw on a bone. 狗爱啃骨头。
    • A rat can gnaw a hole through wood. 老鼠能啃穿木头。
    14 hewed [hju:d] 6d358626e3bf1f7326a844c5c80772be   第9级
    v.(用斧、刀等)砍、劈( hew的过去式和过去分词 );砍成;劈出;开辟
    • He hewed a canoe out of a tree trunk. 他把一根树干凿成独木舟。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    • He hewed out an important position for himself in the company. 他在公司中为自己闯出了要职。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
    15 severed [se'vəd] 832a75b146a8d9eacac9030fd16c0222   第9级
    v.切断,断绝( sever的过去式和过去分词 );断,裂
    • The doctor said I'd severed a vessel in my leg. 医生说我割断了腿上的一根血管。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    • We have severed diplomatic relations with that country. 我们与那个国家断绝了外交关系。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    16 wondrous [ˈwʌndrəs] pfIyt   第12级
    • The internal structure of the Department is wondrous to behold. 看一下国务院的内部结构是很有意思的。
    • We were driven across this wondrous vast land of lakes and forests. 我们乘车穿越这片有着湖泊及森林的广袤而神奇的土地。
    17 veins ['veɪnz] 65827206226d9e2d78ea2bfe697c6329   第7级
    n.纹理;矿脉( vein的名词复数 );静脉;叶脉;纹理
    • The blood flows from the capillaries back into the veins. 血从毛细血管流回静脉。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    • I felt a pleasant glow in all my veins from the wine. 喝过酒后我浑身的血都热烘烘的,感到很舒服。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    18 regained [ri:ˈgeɪnd] 51ada49e953b830c8bd8fddd6bcd03aa   第8级
    复得( regain的过去式和过去分词 ); 赢回; 重回; 复至某地
    • The majority of the people in the world have regained their liberty. 世界上大多数人已重获自由。
    • She hesitated briefly but quickly regained her poise. 她犹豫片刻,但很快恢复了镇静。
    19 fidelity [fɪˈdeləti] vk3xB   第8级
    • There is nothing like a dog's fidelity. 没有什么能比得上狗的忠诚。
    • His fidelity and industry brought him speedy promotion. 他的尽职及勤奋使他很快地得到晋升。
    20 inclination [ˌɪnklɪˈneɪʃn] Gkwyj   第7级
    • She greeted us with a slight inclination of the head. 她微微点头向我们致意。
    • I did not feel the slightest inclination to hurry. 我没有丝毫着急的意思。
    21 sleeper [ˈsli:pə(r)] gETyT   第7级
    • I usually go up to London on the sleeper. 我一般都乘卧车去伦敦。
    • But first he explained that he was a very heavy sleeper. 但首先他解释说自己睡觉很沉。
    22 shameful [ˈʃeɪmfl] DzzwR   第8级
    • It is very shameful of him to show off. 他向人炫耀自己,真不害臊。
    • We must expose this shameful activity to the newspapers. 我们一定要向报社揭露这一无耻行径。
    23 extol [ɪkˈstəʊl] ImzxY   第9级
    • We of the younger generation extol the wisdom of the great leader and educator. 我们年轻一代崇拜那位伟大的引路人和教育家的智慧。
    • Every day I will praise you and extol your name for ever and ever. 我要天天称颂你,也要永永远远赞美你的名。
    24 traitors [ˈtreɪtəz] 123f90461d74091a96637955d14a1401   第7级
    卖国贼( traitor的名词复数 ); 叛徒; 背叛者; 背信弃义的人
    • Traitors are held in infamy. 叛徒为人所不齿。
    • Traitors have always been treated with contempt. 叛徒永被人们唾弃。
    25 chamber [ˈtʃeɪmbə(r)] wnky9   第7级
    • For many, the dentist's surgery remains a torture chamber. 对许多人来说,牙医的治疗室一直是间受刑室。
    • The chamber was ablaze with light. 会议厅里灯火辉煌。
    26 countenance [ˈkaʊntənəns] iztxc   第9级
    • At the sight of this photograph he changed his countenance. 他一看见这张照片脸色就变了。
    • I made a fierce countenance as if I would eat him alive. 我脸色恶狠狠地,仿佛要把他活生生地吞下去。
    27 accomplice [əˈkʌmplɪs] XJsyq   第8级
    • She was her husband's accomplice in murdering a rich old man. 她是她丈夫谋杀一个老富翁的帮凶。
    • He is suspected as an accomplice of the murder. 他涉嫌为这次凶杀案的同谋。

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