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添加时间:2020-09-25 08:15:42 浏览次数: 作者:未知
  • w York City diners may soon see a Covid-19 surcharge on their bills as the restaurant industry continues to hobble due to the coronavirus pandemic.


    The New York City Council passed a bill on Wednesday 46-2 that would allow restaurants to charge as much as 10% on customers dining indoors or outdoors to help cover Covid-19 expenses.


    Labeled the "COVID-19 Recovery Charge," the surcharge does not add to the bill's overall tax, nor applies to delivery or takeout orders. A restaurant implementing2 the surcharge is free to use the new funds however it likes, though it must also make it clear that the surcharge is not a substitute for a tip or gratuity3 for waitstaff.


    Republican City Councilman Joseph Borelli, the bill's prime sponsor, told CNN that the new option will help owners who don't want to go through the trouble of raising prices on their menus.


    "New York was actually the only city that we knew of that actually had a ban, a 45-year-old law made when the Department of Consumer Affairs essentially4 reorganized, and it prevented restaurants, the only industry in New York City, from applying a surcharge," he explained.


    "If you go to a hair salon5, a gas station, or any other business in the city of New York, the owner is allowed to charge you a surcharge for basically whatever they want," Borelli said. "They obviously have to disclose it and you have to agree to pay it, but they're allowed to. It's only restaurants that are banned from this."伯雷利说:“如果你去发廊或加油站,或者在纽约市的任何其他店面,老板可以向你收取任何服务的附加费。当然他们必须明确说明,你必须同意支付,但他们可以这样做。只有餐馆不可以。”

    Once the bill is signed, restaurants would be able to tack6 on the surcharge up to 90 days after full indoor dining is restored and there is no longer a statewide disaster emergency declared for the virus.


    Mayor Bill de Blasio is said to support the bill that passed Wednesday, though there are no details yet on when he will sign it.


    "We will support the bill as long as there is a guarantee that restaurant workers will at least earn similar wages before the pandemic," said Anthony Advincula, spokesman for Restaurant Opportunities Centers United, a non-profit advocating for higher wages and better working conditions for restaurant workers.


    Advincula further stressed that proper enforcement is necessary, and said he hopes that customers will realize the surcharge does not go directly to workers per se.


    Restaurants could face a civil penalty between $50 and $350 for not adhering to the rules, according to the bill.


    Restaurateurs have pushed de Blasio for the option to add surcharges even before the pandemic. In April 2018, more than 200 restaurants signed an open letter to de Blasio pleading that the city allow them to implement1 an optional surcharge, which is already allowed throughout New York State.


    Borelli had also introduced a similar bill in 2018 that would allow up to a 5% surcharge, and says he hopes the optional surcharge remains7 after the pandemic eventually subsides8.


    Gov. Andrew Cuomo announced earlier this month that indoor dining can resume on September 30 with strict restrictions9, including temperature checks, mandatory10 collection of contact information for contact tracing purposes, and a 25% capacity limit.


    Despite the city's embrace of outdoor dining, the industry is still in crisis.


    According to a survey by the New York State Restaurant Association of 1,000 restaurants across the state, almost 64% of owners said they could close shop by the end of the year without additional financial relief.


    For Philippe Massoud, CEO and executive chef of Flatiron District-based ilili, the optional surcharge would allow his business to not "die on the operating table."菲利普·马苏德是纽约市弗莱提荣区伊利利餐馆的首席执行官兼行政主厨,他认为可选附加费将使他的餐馆不会“死在手术台上”。

    "This is not a moneymaker for me, at least in our company's culture. We are using it to deflect11 costs that we otherwise would not have," he continued.


     9级    双语 


    1 implement [ˈɪmplɪment] WcdzG   第7级
    • Don't undertake a project unless you can implement it. 不要承担一项计划,除非你能完成这项计划。
    • The best implement for digging a garden is a spade. 在花园里挖土的最好工具是铁锹。
    2 implementing [ˈimpliməntɪŋ] be68540dfa000a0fb38be40d32259215   第7级
    v.实现( implement的现在分词 );执行;贯彻;使生效
    • -- Implementing a comprehensive drug control strategy. ――实行综合治理的禁毒战略。 来自汉英非文学 - 白皮书
    • He was in no hurry about implementing his unshakable principle. 他并不急于实行他那不可动摇的原则。 来自辞典例句
    3 gratuity [grəˈtju:əti] Hecz4   第10级
    • The porter expects a gratuity. 行李员想要小费。
    • Gratuity is customary in this money-mad metropolis. 在这个金钱至上的大都市里,给小费是司空见惯的。
    4 essentially [ɪˈsenʃəli] nntxw   第8级
    • Really great men are essentially modest. 真正的伟人大都很谦虚。
    • She is an essentially selfish person. 她本质上是个自私自利的人。
    5 salon [ˈsælɒn] VjTz2Z   第9级
    • Do you go to the hairdresser or beauty salon more than twice a week? 你每周去美容院或美容沙龙超过两次吗?
    • You can hear a lot of dirt at a salon. 你在沙龙上会听到很多流言蜚语。
    6 tack [tæk] Jq1yb   第9级
    • He is hammering a tack into the wall to hang a picture. 他正往墙上钉一枚平头钉用来挂画。
    • We are going to tack the map on the wall. 我们打算把这张地图钉在墙上。
    7 remains [rɪˈmeɪnz] 1kMzTy   第7级
    • He ate the remains of food hungrily. 他狼吞虎咽地吃剩余的食物。
    • The remains of the meal were fed to the dog. 残羹剩饭喂狗了。
    8 subsides [səbˈsaidz] 400fe15f1aceae93cab4b312b1ff926c   第9级
    v.(土地)下陷(因在地下采矿)( subside的第三人称单数 );减弱;下降至较低或正常水平;一下子坐在椅子等上
    • Emotion swells and subsides. 情绪忽高忽低。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
    • His emotion swells and subsides. 他的情绪忽高忽低。 来自《现代英汉综合大词典》
    9 restrictions [rɪˈstrɪkʃənz] 81e12dac658cfd4c590486dd6f7523cf   第8级
    约束( restriction的名词复数 ); 管制; 制约因素; 带限制性的条件(或规则)
    • I found the restrictions irksome. 我对那些限制感到很烦。
    • a snaggle of restrictions 杂乱无章的种种限制
    10 mandatory [ˈmændətəri] BjTyz   第9级
    • It's mandatory to pay taxes. 缴税是义务性的。
    • There is no mandatory paid annual leave in the U. S. 美国没有强制带薪年假。
    11 deflect [dɪˈflekt] RxvxG   第9级
    • Never let a little problem deflect you. 决不要因一点小问题就半途而废。
    • They decided to deflect from the original plan. 他们决定改变原计划。

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